frustrative


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Synonyms for frustrative

preventing realization or attainment of a desire

References in periodicals archive ?
Aggression in rats as a function of frustrative nonreward in a straight alley.
snakes, spiders, the dark), unconditioned frustrative nonreward, and conditioned aversive stimuli.
Frustrative nonreward in partial reinforcement and discrimination learning: Some recent history and a theoretical extension.
clorpromazine - Thorazine) in decreasing the frustrative response to nonreward and adrenergic agonists (e.
Taken together, these studies implicate, at minimum, an odor arising from donors experiencing frustrative nonreward.
Nevertheless, although reward, intermittent or otherwise, does not have the consistent support as an odor-producing condition that frustrative non reward has, there is enough evidence to implicate the presence and influence of reward odors at least under some circumstances.
Ludvigson (1977) has, however, reported that frustrative nonreward results in an odor that is nearly constant in its behavioral potency for at least 15 min following emission (the longest interval tested) in a covered apparatus, a finding consistent with an inference of a less-than-highly volatile odorant, if not suggestive of a relatively low-volatile odorant.
Because corticosterone is a well-known marker of emotional stress that enhances aversive memories in fear conditioning situations (McGaugh, 2000), this result is consistent with the hypothesis that incentive downshift triggers a frustrative response.
As noted above (see [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED], General Introduction to this issue), an underlying theoretical concern is whether N odor is only an accompaniment of an emotional state of frustration (the "frustration odor" account) or is more properly considered an actual mark or signal of the occurrence of frustrative nonreward (the "no-food" account), irrespective of its emotional consequence.
Aversion of conspecific odor of frustrative non reward in rats.
Conversely, as the frustrative response and the heightened emotionality/reactivity were experienced by the cadmium-exposed continuous reinforcement animals (Group CAD-C) only on the inception of extinction, these cues served to disrupt the instrumental approach response to a greater extent than in the non-cadmium-exposed animals (Group SAC-C).
The effects of chronic lead exposure on reactivity to frustrative nonreward in rats.
The role of frustrative non-reward in noncontinuous reward situations.