53) See Harris, supra note 38, at 5 (cautioning overuse of frisks
threatens to make Terry into evidence gathering device); see also supra note 38 and accompanying text (explaining analytical and practical problems with dissent's position).
25) Further, the officer can perform a pat-down, or frisk
, for weapons (26) if he or she has reason to believe the individual is "armed and presently dangerous.
Before 1994, in at least one female facility, Bedford Hills, most if not all pat frisks
were performed by female officers, because the staff was 60 percent female, Elaine Lord, the former Bedford Hills superintendent, testified in a 1999 deposition.
Supreme Court to determine whether an anonymous tip that a person is carrying a gun is, without more, sufficient to justify a police officer's stop and frisk
of that person.
AELE is proud of the effort it made in the Terry case to persuade the Supreme Court to uphold the right of the police to "stop and frisk
The Center for Constitutional Rights, which got the data on stop and frisks
after it first sued the city over the issue after the 1999 killing of Amadou Diallo, said its analysis of the 2009 data showed again what it argued was the racially driven use of the tactic against minorities and its relatively modest achievements in fighting crime.
However, a reasonable suspicion, also based upon articulable facts and circumstances, that the detainee is armed justifies a frisk
of the detainee's outer clothing for weapons.
In all, less than 6% of stop and frisks
results in arrests and less than 1% produce guns.
Is the protective frisk
conducted by the officer strictly limited in scope to actions necessary for the discovery of weapons?
This class action lawsuit to stop the pervasive practice of unconstitutional stop and frisks
in the City of Chicago follows a landmark federal class action lawsuit filed in 2008 against the City of New York and NYPD (Floyd, et al.
He said he ordered cops to write ten summonses, make one arrest and conduct two "good" stop-and frisks
The number of stop, question and frisks
-- off the charts, way too high," she said during the forum, drawing jeers from the crowd.
Combined, these two cases impose significant limitations on police power to arbitrarily frisk
In addition, Criminal Justice Editor Murray Weiss won a Silurians merit award for his coverage of the New York Police Department's stop and frisk
However, subjecting such occupants to investigative techniques such as a frisk
for weapons would require specific factual justification in order to comply with constitutional requirements.