A prevalence of within-manner errors can be seen clearly in these results, most strongly for the nasal consonants, where all the off-diagonal circles in the central 3 x 3 syllable square are larger than any to the left (nasal responses to plosive stimuli) or the right (nasal responses to fricative
Blevins conjectures that the occurrence of these fricatives
may have resulted from transcription errors, citing an instance where the handwriting of `one explorer, Goldsworthy .
In Middle English, the raising of the long front close vowel [e:] to [i:] operated in the two main contexts: (a) before <z> representing the palatalised voiced velar fricative
which later became the semivowel [j], as in e.
The process in (3b) is the only example to our knowledge of a process in which a nonsibilant fricative
is the output.
In sum, although Gerritsen claims that Nhanda has fricative
sounds s, sh, f, z and h, he provides only three words to support this: Isseka, a local placename; wezueda, a spelling of wayurda `possum'; and hot.
Further, he calls attention to unchanged spellings of Old English plurals like wulfas 'wolves', where the grapheme <f> is retained, although the fricative
becomes fully voiced.
For example, /f/ was coded as a voiceless, labiodental fricative
and /d3/ as a voiced palato-alveolar affricate.
The earlier spelling was as a rule preserved in the case of [ei] followed by the velar fricative
[x], the change [eix > aix] being delayed until the 15th century.
The verbs end in five different types of final obstruents: 35 verbs end in a bilabial plosive (P), 48 in an alveolar plosive (T), 41 in an alveolar fricative
(S), 27 in a labiodental fricative
(F), and 25 in a velar fricative
ahcm] can be explained through the diachronic phonetics of the ahamiya [Dxcmiya] or Assamese; the change of the sibilant [s] to the voiceless fricative
[x] explains the change from [asam] to [axcm], from Assam to Ahom.
Thus, Lass--Anderson (1975: 85-89) argue in favour of a back articulation of Old English /r/ (a uvular fricative
In Washkuk (602, North New Guinea, Indo-Pacific), labialization occurs on both labial and velar consonants, except for the voiced labial fricative
cluster *[theta]r (an Old Iranian split) and similar later developments of *xr and *fr, all yielding the NW hr.
In (48), we show Harris's (1994) specific representations of an /h/, a voiceless stop, and a fricative
(h = noise, R = coronal, ?
Let us accept as a given that Luwian and Hurrian, as well as Hittite (which Mendenhall does not mention in this regard), included the voiced velar fricative
/g/ in their phonetic inventory.