frequentative

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  • noun

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a verb form that serves to express frequent repetition of an action

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Most habitual frequentatives in my data are intransitive verbs but habituality can also be expressed using transitive verbs as in example (22).
The object of habitual transitive frequentatives is usually partial as with the word rahvast (people-PTV) in example (22).
Furthermore, habitual frequentatives can be derived from stative location verbs.
In Russian suffixal frequentatives have a habitual function as well.
Summing up what is written above, the use of frequentatives has increased in present-day Veps.
This study aims at shedding light on the form, semantics and use of frequentative and momentative derivatives in Veps.
Momentative derivatives, contrary to frequentative ones, point to action that is short in duration.
Frequentative and momentative derivation have an opposite effect on the duration of the action to that expressed by the underived stem.
Veps derivation is particularly interesting in the light of cases such as example (3) in which it is unclear why the verb tuugoida 'understand' (3 [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1972 : 587: tuukuida < most probably Russian [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'sense') is not used instead of the frequentative derivation, because the base verb in itself displays a durative action.
According to him, Veps momentative and frequentative suffixes tend to express the same meanings as Russian aspectual verb pairs.
Lehtinen examines the conative and habitual meanings of frequentative derivations in more detail as well as the connotation of deminutivity in momentative derivations.
The analysed data include 200 sentences with one or more frequentative or momentative derivative verbs from both the old and new material.
Moreover, they can be attached to derived verbs, such as deverbal continuatives and frequentative -ele derivatives as well as the denominal -icce ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1978 : 88).
Generally speaking, the Veps frequentative derivation is considerably more productive than in Finnish and Estonian (cf.
A third of the frequentative derivations consists of verbs of motion (group 1) as indicated in Table 4.