He was bent on founding
a colony, and again and yet again he sent out ships and men, spending all the wealth which the Queen heaped upon him in trying to extend her dominions beyond the seas.
In accumulating property for ourselves or our posterity, in founding
a family or a state, or acquiring fame even, we are mortal; but in dealing with truth we are immortal, and need fear no change nor accident.
And our answer will be that, even as they are, our guardians may very likely be the happiest of men; but that our aim in founding
the State was not the disproportionate happiness of any one class, but the greatest happiness of the whole; we thought that in a State which is ordered with a view to the good of the whole we should be most likely to find Justice, and in the ill-ordered State injustice: and, having found them, we might then decide which of the two is the happier.
And covered her face, as if the lightest shadow of the idea of founding
murder on such an idle vanity were a crime almost as great.
All these industries were gathered into buildings near by, connected by galleries and railroads with the main establishment; and it was estimated that they had handled nearly a quarter of a billion of animals since the founding
of the plant by the elder Durham a generation and more ago.
She had expected -- founding
her anticipations on the letter which the housekeeper had written to her -- to see a hard, wily, ill-favored, insolent old woman.
The organizational founding literature has focused its attention on the effects of ecological variables (population density, prior foundings, and prior deaths) and some institutional-environment variables (political and economic conditions) on organizational founding rates.
Ecological research suggests that population density, prior foundings, and prior deaths affect the founding rates of organizations.
Factors increasing foundings include: rising legitimacy and institutionalization of an organizational form; spreading availability of knowledge and skills necessary to generate organizations; and, the possibility of collective action.
Furthermore, Singh and Lumsden (1990) emphasized the importance of modelling population density and population dynamics (prior foundings and prior deaths) together.
The effect of prior foundings on the subsequent founding rates in a given population is expected to be curvilinear.
While other empirical research reports a monotonic effect of prior foundings on founding rates, Delacroix and Solt (1988) found a strong positive effect of prior foundings in the California wine industry.
The present study expects a curvilinear effect of prior foundings on subsequent foundings, but it suggests a different reasoning behind this relationship.
Hypothesis 2: Prior organizational foundings have a curvilinear relationship with organizational founding rate.
Ecological arguments about the effect of prior foundings and prior deaths on subsequent foundings are based on a similar explanation.