Equation (15) could be approximated, in reverse bias, where the first quantity could be neglected, but the second quantity has no real effect on the current density in the forward bias
17) Angelo Ranaldo, Asani Sarkar, Exchange rate risk, transactions costs and the forward bias
puzzle, Swiss National Bank, 2008, [http://www.
In the case of director-type antennas, the radiation is stronger in the +x direction ([PHI] = 0[degrees]) under forward bias
conditions, while such a pattern symmetrically changes under reverse bias conditions, radiating stronger in the -x direction ([PHI] = 90[degrees]).
bc] which simulate forward bias
emitter and reverse bias collector the junctions connected towards each other; [V.
All the plots have shown good agreement between simulated and measured results, which proves the validity and accuracy of the temperature dependent PIN diode model under forward bias
The coupling slot is designed such that the slot works when the diodes are forward bias
and connect points 'a' and 'b' with low impedance.
When an interrogator illuminates the test surface at a microwave frequency, the backscattered energy from the surface can be made to depend on the active state of the diodes on the PCB as decided by the binary input (a forward bias
or a reverse bias) imposed by an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM) encoder.
Furthermore, these devices feature an extended forward bias
safe operating area (FBSOA), allowing for a "wider operating window" as dictated by the power limitations of the device, resulting in improved ruggedness and reliability.
Most PIN diode attenuators control the attenuation characteristics through the forward bias
Additional features include an extended forward bias
safe operating area (FBSOA), fast switching performance and excellent avalanche capabilities.