forestall

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The change in the by-law prevented forestallers from buying goods just outside the city limits.
In practice juries were rarely interested in establishing whether a forestaller was aiming to create a monopoly or whether any degree of monopoly had in fact been created.
54) Accusations of this sort show that sellers who negotiated with forestallers were not benefitting simply by some reduction in their transaction costs -- making a sale earlier in the day, perhaps after a shorter journey, and without payment of tolls.
68) One ploy of forestallers to avoid prosecution was to allege that a consignment of goods they had bought illegally had been acquired on commission for some large household, since this entitled them to exemption from the rationing system.
Britnell, "Forstall, Forestalling and the Statute of Forestallers," English Historical Review, CII (1987), pp.