Although God, by virtue of His almightiness, always already foreknows
every eventual decision of His creatures, this very knowledge, by virtue of the free will of His creatures, is also always deferred.
Thus he is able to create randomness, to foreknow
its outcomes, and to ensure that his will is accomplished--not in spite of randomness, but as we saw in Section 6, because randomness is one of the means of accomplishing his will.
In his response to Erasmus in The Bondage of the Will, Luther maintained that "God foreknows
nothing contingently, but that he foresees and purposes and does all things by his immutable, eternal, and infallible will.
It is with a light hand that Gregory sketches this chapter, but he does not avoid the theological issues needed to explicate Milton's artistic choices in creating human figures who are completely free to choose and a God who foreknows
but does not predestine.
Most of us think that God foreknows
everything; a few among us think that God foreknows
all that can be known but not everything (this is the view that in the past decade became known as "open theism.
That this long discussion may be at length concluded by a brief summary of the whole matter, we must hold that God foreknows
all future events, but that he has not decreed them all absolutely: lest the consequence should be that sin in general would be imputed to the Deity, and evil spirits and wicked men exempted from blame.
Aragorn's heroic stature is most fully revealed in his death, which he foreknows