The other character a man who was writing at his desk' is next focalized by the EF.
On both sides of the free direct speech Farrington's consciousness is focalized which reflects his helplessness.
The first aim asks for an organization principle of internally focalized texts that operates on a basic sentential level.
From these maxims we infer a number of rules that may guide a reader's interpretive decisions in trying to make out whether a passage of text is internally focalized or not.
Since morphological markers of TY have complementary distribution, only one constituent in a given sentence can be actually focalized morphologically.
The choice of the particular focus construction in (9e) and (9f) is most probably dictated by the focus construction employed in the questions: the subject and the predicate are focalized respectively.
IF, Miriam focalizer, Paul focalized, PN:] He grovelled so helplessly, she pitied him.
IF, Paul focalizer or NF, Miriam focalized, PN:] And she bowed under her suffering.
Miller's The Novel and the Police , Mark Seltzer's Henry James and the Art of Power , John Bender's Imagining the Penitentiary ) which claim that novelists exert "panoptic control" over their works, whether they use omniscient or internally focalized
progressive emphasizes a short period of time where the action is in process.
Hence, the reader will consider these descriptions to be focalized
through the narrator.
His comments upon the way in which the narrative is intermittently focalized
through the degrading infatuation of the comte de Muffat are particularly apposite in this respect.
We demonstrate that a blanket-coverage ACL-control strategy is not necessary: transmission of this disease is focalized
, and interventions (e.
Since the drama is focalized
through the women, the males of the story lack substance: we cannot know from the inside how Pierre's father has been dealing with his grief, nor how Momo, the mother's scar-faced second husband, deals with a wife and stepdaughters who remain at various levels of traumatization.
by a first-person narrator, they capture a hallucinatory existence and a surreal world, indeed at times a narration from beyond the grave: "I do not know who records these words for me.