In healthy adults (24-42 years of age) who have no fluid restrictions
and a normal activity level, normal plasma concentration of ADH is 0.
Regardless of study limitations, the findings suggest that when clients are provided with individualized training on renal pathophysiology, complications, medications, dietary and fluid restrictions
, thirst control, and stress management combined with goal setting and verbal persuasion, physiological and psychological outcomes improved (Tsay, 2003; Tsay et al.
In SIADH, the preferred treatment in the general population is fluid restriction
The serum sodium continued to decrease despite fluid restriction
to 128 mmol/L and 126 mmol/L on Days 14 and 15, respectively.
3 Brandstrup B, Tonnesen H, Beier-Holgersen R, et al: Effects of intravenous fluid restriction
on postoperative complications: comparison of two perioperative fluid regimens: A randomized assessor-blinded multicenter trial.
Although that trial showed no evidence of an increase in non-pulmonary organ failures in the group undergoing fluid restriction
, concerns about placental perfusion led us to avoid fluid restriction
and/or diuresis (6).
In order to cope with urgency, OAB patients practise a range of tactics including fluid restriction
, checking that toilets are always nearby, emptying their bladder at regular intervals, and restricting physical activities.
Nursing interventions for the hyponatremic patient are strict intake and output measurement, use of norreal saline to irrigate gastric tubes or wounds, and fluid restriction
After transfusion for the severe anemia the patient exhibited clinical signs of worsening volume overload, treated with fluid restriction
and adjustment of diuretic doses.