Approximately 20% of patients with coronary artery fistulae
have other cardiac anomalies, most frequently aortic and pulmonary atresia and patent ductus arteriosus.
Under the company's ongoing trial, 89% (16/18) of the AV fistulae
in the open label patients were suitable for dialysis use at six months.
Cervical chylous fistulae
after neck dissections are a troublesome yet relatively uncommon complication, with incidence rates in the literature varying from 1 to 6%.
It consists of superficial, low trans-sphincteric or low inter-sphincteric fistulae
On the other hand, traumatic fistulae
result from direct perforation of the renal pelvis by a foreign body (ureteral catheter, nephrostomy tube, swallowed hairpin or toothpick, bullet) or severe blunt trauma (7).
Patients with chronic ECF experience failure in managing fistulae
after 5–6 weeks of nonoperative treatment and possibly need surgery.
One stage treatment of anal abscesses and fistulae
resulting from hysterectomy or cesarean delivery often present later than one or two weeks from the inciting surgery.
Most of the fistulae
in the uterus are uterovesical or uterocolonic.
Case report and review of literature: coronary artery fistulae
Reproductive functions after the repair of obstetric vesicovaginal fistulae
3 In fact, a large number of these fistulae
have been demonstrated radiographically, with oral contrast examinations such as CT and upper gastrointestinal series.
Kosma, "The incidence and etiology of postlaryngectomy pharyngocutaneous fistulae
," Head Neck, vol.
Endovascular non-surgical treatment-a form of minimally invasive surgery which accesses many regions of the body via major blood vessels, when a endovascular specialist introduces a catheter percutaneously into a large blood vessel -- helps in saving the failing Fistulae
Transcatheter coil embolization of multiple bilateral congenital coronary artery fistulae