FEMALE circumcision practised under Islamic injunction has been distinguished from Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) which has been condemned by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as not having any health benefit.
A renowned scholar, Sheikh Abdul-Hafeez Ariremako, made the clarification in Ibadan, Oyo State, at a programme organised by the Group of Muslim Professionals in commemoration of WHO's International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation.
NEW figures show 25 cases of female genital mutilation (FGM) were reported to the authorities in Coventry in the first three months of 2017.
An NSPCC spokesman for the West Midlands said: "We know that female genital mutilation is still affecting hundreds of girls in the UK, and these figures show that it continues to affect young people in the Coventry area.
While infibulation and reinfibulation (usually after giving birth) are forms of female genital mutilation and therefore illegal, an opposite intervention to female genitals, called defibulation, is legal and may be necessary.
Female genital mutilation is a global health issue that can have devastating physical, psychological, and social consequences for girls and women .
Before the trials the researchers speculated that the additional mystery plugs commonly found covering female genitals
might be produced by the copulating male, or the female, or perhaps both spider sexes.
It is now over a decade since the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) adopted the term "Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting" to refer to any procedure involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or injury to female genital organs whether for cultural, religious or other non-therapeutic reasons.
This means that many doctors share (perhaps implicitly) the conviction which is deeply rooted in local cultures, according to which removal of part of the female genital organs reduces sexual desire in favour of female virginity, the honour of the family and, in short, the advantage of the whole community.
cutting (FGC) is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women.
20) This has influenced legislation in many Western countries, where laws on "female genital
mutilation" were passed to prohibit any procedure on the external female genitals
, irrespective of age.
In the 1970s, female genital
mutilation (FGM) hit the US feminist agenda: "unspeakable atrocities," "barbaric practices," "savage torture" were being "forced" on African girls.
She follows the experiences of a woman having her labia trimmed, as well as interviewing surgeons, women considering surgery on their labia, a bikini-line waxer, a gynaecologist, her own mother, husband and male friends, and some workmen decorating her house--all in all a broad variety of people with a range of views on female genitals
and genital cosmetic surgery.
For instance, the 2012 European Parliament Resolution states that FGM legislation should not only prohibit all forms of FGM and provide for effective sanctions against perpetrators, but also "mandate a full range of prevention and protection measures, including mechanisms to coordinate, monitor and evaluate law enforcement, and should improve the conditions permitting women and girls to report cases of female genital
To begin this uncovery, she ventured into Africa and exposed women's sexual blinding, or what she prefers to term female genital