These feedbacks have been analyzed in many studies (e.
These two feedbacks are closely linked, particularly in the upper troposphere, owing to the dependence of moist adiabats on temperature in the tropics.
Contribution of individual feedbacks to the climate response.
Given this definition, the response of all feedbacks together is the sum of the individual responses of each feedback ([DELTA][T.
Climate feedbacks account for two-thirds of the total surface temperature variation.
The ratio between the response of feedback x and the total response does not depend on the other feedbacks.
This feedback contributes to 30% of the global-mean temperature response regardless of the other feedbacks.
A feedback is not an intrinsic property of a system but rather the result of how the system has been decomposed into a no-feedback response (or open-loop response) and a response with feedbacks (or closed-loop response).
Givers and receivers of feedback have very different and distinct roles and attitudes toward the feedback process.
Analysis of the literature revealed a number of feedback-giving practices related to the source that can enhance the effectiveness of feedback.
The most widely researched variable concerning feedback is the source of the feedback: who.
Feedback is more effective when information is gathered from a number of sources.
Researchers who reviewed the literture on multiple sources of information [35, 36, 56] concur with the single-source reviewers; they suggest that several different sources of information ought to be employed in any feedback event.
Feedback is more effective when the source of the information is perceived as credible, knowledgeable, and well-intentioned.
Feedback is more effective when the source of feedback is lower or equal in status to the feedback recipient.