As such, the estimates here may overestimate the positive aspects of new father's attitudes toward fathering.
While most men base their ideas about fathering on their experiences with their own fathers, some may have social fathers or father-figures which stand in contrast to an uninvolved biological father and provide important alternative role models.
Discussions about role models can he tied easily to inquiries about the fathering philosophy young men hope to employ.
What do you believe your fathering philosophy will be if you become a father?
Fagan was responsible for launching Fathering
during what most would agree was one of the most contentious and competitive periods in the academic journal arena.
Effects of commitment and psychological centrality on fathering
Funding for fathering
programs and creation of father-friendly environments are essential to increase involvement of non-custodial fathers.
Despite these challenges, these studies forged ahead and are yielding data that have the potential to improve our understanding of how these men father and how their fathering
influences children's development.
Anthropologist Barry Hewlitt' s (1991) work on Aka Pygmy fathers also suggests that the evolution of male-female social and sexual relationships across history is a principal factor that affects the nature and content of fathering