Potential sources include bats of the family Vespertilionidae
, in which a virus with a close phylogenetic relationship with MERS-CoV has been detected (9).
Several studies have been conducted to refine the historically unclear phylogeny of chiropterans within the family Vespertilionidae
The long-tailed bat (Chalinolobus tuberculatus) belongs to the family Vespertilionidae
and is believed to have arrived from Australia [approximately equal to]1 million years ago (4).
longirostris Bachman, southeastern SC shrew Family Talpidae (moles) S Condylura cristata (Rafinesque) NE star-nosed mole Scalopus aquaticus (Linnaeus), I eastern mole Order Chiroptera (bats) Family Vespertilionidae
(vespertilionid bats) Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois), big I brown bat Lasionycteris noctivagans I (LeConte), silver-haired bat Lasiurus borealis (Muller), red bat I L.
Our results further support the hypothesis that, like human CoV-229E and SARS-CoV, ancestors of MERS-CoV might exist in Old World insectivorous bats belonging to the family Vespertilionidae
, to which the genera Neoromicia and Pipistrellus belong (3).
For some unknown ecological reason, perhaps certain genera of bats in the family Molossidae may not be as suitable hosts of coccidia as are those of the family Vespertilionidae
The genus Miniopterus has traditionally been considered to belong to the family Vespertilionidae
as do other bat genera linked to lyssaviruses in Eurasia (Eptesicus, Myotis, and Murina).