This section is focused on defining the social planning problem under the possibility of income falsification by the agents.
This case serves as a benchmark against which we can compare optimal allocations and tax systems obtained in environments with income falsification.
We start out by noting that the full information optimum cannot be achieved in the private information case when the cost of falsification is less than 100 percent.
was designed to enable the railway operator to clear a Tokyo Stock Exchange rule that any firm be delisted if a combined stake held in a firm by its top 10 shareholders exceeds 80 percent for more than one year.
As I argued in my two articles (Gomory, 2001a, 2001b), we are mistaken in offering empirical reassurance through the presentation of "some evidence" that a desired effect has been achieved reliably rather than proceeding to conjecture hypotheses or interventions and testing for falsifications, because fallible human science is only able to tell us which of our guesses have not as yet been falsified.
She fails therefore to apply the critical approach to her own arguments by examining whether or not Popper responds and how effective his replies are to these alleged falsifications of his method.
The report said it was not possible to establish a motive for the falsifications but the tedium of manually checking fuel pellets and the ease with which the computer data logging system could be manipulated were seen to be contributory factors.
The NII's recommendations call for all those involved in the falsification to be disciplined and for there to be a period of retraining.
Falsification in research is deterred by scientists' integrity and dedication to the pursuit of the facts in their fields.
But if scientific malpractice is as common as Fanelli's analysis suggests, and if the potential rewards of fakery are large enough to justify the relatively small risk of getting caught, stiffer penalties for deliberate falsification are called for, such as fines and exile from the research community.
Speaking to a press conference, however, Hatoyama reiterated that he did not know anything about the falsifications.
Sadakazu Tanigaki, leader of the main opposition Liberal Democratic Party, urged Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama on Thursday to step down to take the blame for the indictment earlier in the day of two of his former secretaries over alleged falsification of political funds records.
Today, George Targamadze and Levan Tarkhnishvili, the leaders of the Georgian election observer team, reported evidence of falsifications in the city of Donetsk in favor of the Socialist Party and the Party of Regions.
36, was the subject of serious threats after he reported facts about falsifications at his polling station.
Because if we allow a falsification
of the census again, it will mean further suppression of the constitutional-legal status of the Macedonian people in Macedonia, Naunovski comments.