implies an energetic spontaneous, adventurous assertive, sociable person, with positive emotions (Clark and Schroth, 2010; Trappman et al.
is defined by being sociable and assertive.
For example, Bourdage, Lee, Ashton, and Perry (2007) found that extraversion
is associated with higher emotional investment and higher self-perceived sexual attractiveness, while honesty-humility and agreeableness are related to higher relationship exclusivity, lower erotophilia, and higher sexual restrictiveness.
Using Facebook postings of 75,000 volunteers, Schwartz and his colleagues analyzed 700 million words, phrases and topics and noticed there were patterns of words psychologists associate with the five traits that describe human personality: openness, extraversion
, neuroticism, conscientiousness and agreeableness.
As to reactive inhibition, according to Eysenck (1957) extraversion
is partly identified with "fast accumulation" and "slow dissipation" of reactive inhibition.
Though there was a positive correlation found between student grade and extraversion
, it was not significant.
Iveniuk and co-authors found many gender differences, when they examined personality traits including openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion
, agreeableness and anxiety.
2006) found that extraversion
affected CDSE positively for both White college students and college students of color, whereas neuroticism affected CDSE negatively for college students of color but not for White college students.
involves characteristics including being lively, clubable, talkative, social and excited.
of Bedfordshire, Britain) investigates how the extraversion
and oral proficiency levels of a test-taker and his/her group members impact conversational style in groups.
Table 1 MBTI[R] Preferences Natural Way of Doing Things Dichotomies Get Energy Take in Make Deal with to Information Decisions Outer World Psychological Extraversion
Sensing Thinking Judging Preferences (E) (5) (T) (1) Introversion iNtuition Feeling Perceiving (1) (N) (F) (P)
Similar disparities in favor of the comparison group characterized three other broad personality traits - extraversion
, openness to experience and conscientiousness.
1992), along with extraversion
, openness to experience, conscientiousness, and agreeableness.
With regard to personality factors, counselors with less neuroticism and higher extraversion
, agreeableness, and conscientiousness experienced greater personal accomplishment and less depersonalization and emotional exhaustion.
The five key dimensions of personality are known as Neuroticism, Extraversion
, Openness to experience, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness which represent the basic dimensions underlying personality (Costa & McCrae 1991; Digman 1990).