The number of expensive exponentiations
carried out is reduced significantly with modified access tree.
Yuan-Li has one round operation in key agreement phase, used one multiplication and exponentiation
, one addition.
Primarily, modular exponentiation
with large modulus is considered as the core operation of RSA computation which is typically obtained by carrying out repeated modular multiplications.
Version B was composed of multidigit operations: addition (1 item), subtraction (2 items), multiplication (3 items), and division (2 items); fraction notions/comparisons/orders/ operations (13 items); decimal numbers and fraction transformation (4 items); decimal number comparison (2 items); whole number operations (3 items); percentages (2 items); exponentiation
(2 items); radicals (1 item); numerical expressions (6 items); and comparison involving whole, rational, irrational, and real numbers (2 items).
As observed in Table 1, in the last column, exponentiation
is expressed in terms of a higher operation.
We start by the exponentiation
, any previously proposed cons-measure in the literature does not resist to this operation.
Similarly, multiplication and exponentiation
can be defined on an elliptic curve.
As by ECC, the point exponentiation
takes maximum resources and time, while point addition takes the minimum.
a] is used as a referent to a specific logarithmic function and as an indicator of the value used in an exponentiation
To simplify interpretation, results were expressed in terms of odds ratios calculated by exponentiation
of the parameter estimates.
The algorithms used for public-key cryptology tend to be very mathematical, relying on large prime numbers, exponentiation
, or other concepts to prove they're secure," says Greg Rose, a cryptologist in San Diego, California.
In Table 5, B is the estimated coefficient relative to the reference cluster(key brokers), while Exp(B) is the exponentiation
of B, or the odds ratio of being in this group relative to the reference cluster, in this case, the key brokers.
The interpretation of the coefficient on the binary variables is the exponentiation
of the coefficient minus one, or approximately the percent change in exports because of a switch from zero to one in the binary variable divided by 100.
The corresponding one-parameter transformation groups found by exponentiation
of (18) are respectively:
4) Wooldridge (2003) suggests, first, obtaining the fitted values from the regression of the log earnings; second, carrying out the exponentiation
of each value; third, regress earnings (without logs) on the values obtained in the previous step without including an intercept; fourth, computing the prediction by multiplying the predicted log earnings by the estimated coefficient obtained in the third step.