Elkins M, Jones A, van der Schans CP (2006) Positive expiratory pressure
physiotherapy for airway clearance in people with cystic fibrosis.
This is the first report of positive expiratory pressure
being used successfully to prevent hyperinflation during exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Although not in the clinical practice, more complex techniques for evaluating UA collapsibility such as measurement of pharyngeal critical pressure and negative expiratory pressure
(5) will also be discussed.
Market size data for Respiratory Disposables market categories - Patient Interface, Oxygen Masks, Nasal Cannula, Nebulizer Masks, Resuscitators, Positive End Expiratory Pressure
(PEEP) Valves and Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Barriers
All the articles uncovered after the initial search were further reviewed to determine the use of an expiratory pressure
A level of inspiratory pressure limited flow augmentation, (IPAP) is clinician pre-set above a clinician pre-set end expiratory pressure
Efficacy and patient satisfaction with autoadjusting CPAP with variable expiratory pressure
vs standard CPAP: a two-night randomized crossover trial.
exercises and positive expiratory pressure
(PEP) therapy using Bottle PEP.
Procedure Pressure settings * Set expiratory positive pressure, CPAP or positive end-expiratory pressure
(PEEP) at 3-5 cm * Set inspiratory pressure (or pressure support) at 8-10 cm * Inspiratory pressure should be set higher than expiratory pressure
* If the patient has difficulty during inspiration, triggering breaths, increase the expiratory positive airway pressure * If tidal volumes are shallow (< 7 ml/kg), increase inspiratory pressures * In hypoxic patients, increase the expiratory pressure
at increments of 2 cm [H.
Bone mineral density, pulmonary function test (PFT), maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), and maximal expiratory pressure
(MEP) measurements of both groups were performed.
Other techniques and devices include Autogenic drainage (AD), mechanical percussors for use with traditional CPT, the Flutter[R] valve, and positive expiratory pressure
(PEP); intrapulmonary percussive ventilation (IPV) represents a variant form of PEP.
61] Additionally, VC was found to significantly correlate with all other pulmonary function tests except for positive expiratory pressure
(PEP) and maximal negative inspiratory pressure (MIP).
EMST is efficacious for improving maximum expiratory pressure
(MEP), cough effectiveness, and swallowing function [3-6].
2]O, airflow can only result if the lung-to-atmosphere expiratory pressure
gradient is greater than 10 cm [H.
Even here, response to PEEP would be of interest, as a dramatic change in FRC could signal the need for more or less applied end expiratory pressure