Key words: exophthalmos
, retrobulbar mass, scleral ossicles, computed tomography, immunohistochemistry, avian, macaroni penguin, Eudyptes chrysolophus
GD presents with lid retraction, exophthalmos
, myopathy with muscle involvement that can be detected by MRI and optic neuropathy (7).
Grade of exophthalmos
, intraocular pressure, ocular motility and visual acuity were recorded.
The patient presented with facial swelling, periorbital ecchymoses, subconjunctival hemorrhage, corneal edema, and exophthalmos
At the time of presentation for Graves' disease, she had excessive exophthalmos
time (min) Hyper-excitability Face washing involuntary trembling and fasciculation 1 1-6 1 ,2,4,5 1,2 3 -- -- 3,4, 5 1 6 -- -- -- 8 -- -- -- time (min) tachypnea Exophthalmos
convusion Flaccid paralysis 1 -- -- -- -- 3 2, 3,4, 5,6 1,4,5,6 -- -- 6 -- 2,3 1,3,4 1-6 8 -- -- 4,5 -- time (min) urinary sphincter death relaxation 1 -- -- 3 -- -- 6 1,2,3,6 1,2,3,6 8 4,5 4,5
Following a minor dental procedure, JW, a 51-year-old right-handed female, developed left-eye proptosis, exophthalmos
, and periorbital edema.
Key Words: albendazole, exophthalmos
, hydatid cyst, orbital, outcome
Three orbital tumor cases where the Sonopet was used Variable Case 1: Orbital Case 2: Greater apex meningioma sphenoid wing fibrous dysplasia Critical tissue spared by Sonopet Oculomotor nerve Lateral rectus Additional operative time None None Preoperative exophthalmos
Present Present Postoperative exophthalmos
None None Preoperative keratopathy Present Present Postoperative keratopathy None None Variable Case 3: Infiltrative mass Critical tissue spared by Sonopet None Additional operative time None Preoperative exophthalmos
Enophthalmos present Postoperative exophthalmos
None Preoperative keratopathy None Postoperative keratopathy None
At that time, the bird had exophthalmos
of the left eye (Fig 1).
Involvement of the skull can also cause exophthalmos
and diabetes insipidus.
Interferon-a has also been used to induce reduction in exophthalmos
and control of systemic manifestations.
Both of these orbital abnormalities can lead to exophthalmos
This syndrome develops in three stages: during the first stage, 6-48 hours after the initial injury, one observes rapid decrease in size of the thymus, spleen, lymph glands, and liver; disappearance of fat tissue; edema formation, especially in the thymus and loose retroperitoneal connective tissue; accumulation of pleural and peritoneal transudate; loss of muscular tone; fall of body temperature; formation of acute erosions in the digestive tract, particularly in the stomach, small intestine, and appendix; loss of cortical lipoids and chromaffin substances from the adrenals; and sometimes hyperemia of the skin, exophthalmos
, [and] increased lachrymation and salivation.
Besides her level of consciousness, the only other remarkable aspect of her exam was preexisting exophthalmos
, which was due to her known history of hyperthyroidism.