However, the third Aristotelian claim, eudaimonism
, seems to me correct; and one aim of this paper is to help pave the way for a non-Aristotelian (9) form of eudaimonism
(VE) is grounded in our being end-seekers and end-setters.
LEONARD SIDHARTA "Moral Saints and Theistic Eudaimonism
Focusing especially on the purportedly Socratic denial of akrasia and its variants in the dialogues, Weiss attempts to show that what have now come to be theses or even tenets attributed to Socrates, eudaimonism
(the view that an agent primarily or even exclusively pursues her own well being) and its attendant psychological egoism (the view that an agent acts in her own self-interest), are not in fact endorsed by Socrates or even recognized by Socrates as legitimate ways of characterizing rational behavior.
is normally interpreted as twofold in the sense of being divided into the imperfect, natural happiness of Aristotle and the perfect, supernatural happiness of Augustine.
What Fichte was opposing, of course, was the hedonistic eudaimonism
of Helvetius; but what he fell back on ultimately was a parochial Christianised variety of Platonism, as unsuited to the eighteenth century as it is to the twenty-first (307, 337).
The tension between self-interested reasons (prudence) and other-regarding considerations (morality), is a famous and long standing tension in moral philosophy which seems to recapitulate itself in the juxtaposition of Greek eudaimonism
and evolutionary theory.
Since the 1990's there has been a surge of interest among professional philosophers in virtue ethics, eudaimonism
, naturalism, and objectivity.
The increasingly common attempts of virtue ethicists to develop explicitly noneudaimonist accounts have often been flawed, I think, by their underestimation of what eudaimonist theories can offer--most relevant here, eudaimonism
can give prominent place to exemplary thinking and the concept of intrinsic goodness.
While acknowledging distinctively ancient eudaimonism
and uniquely modern autonomy and rights-based ethical individualism, Slote takes the deepest difference to lie in modern dualisms, or "conflicts between the way we are (supposed to be) motivated to relate to different sorts of ethical values.
He fills in some of the philosophical background through a brief discussion of eudaimonism
and concludes with an initial overview of Stoic ethics.
This allows eudaimonism
a conception of the autonomy of the will in which (like Kant's) the will is the source of its own laws, but in which (unlike Kant's) it has an object that is thoroughly situated in the empirical world.
Admirers of Greek ethics have always been torn between a desire to think of it as advocating a powerful form of eudaimonism
and an aversion to regarding it as egoist" (p.
See McDowell, "The Role of Eudaimonism
in Aristotle's Ethics" in Essays on Aristotle's Ethics, ed.
is explicit and unembarrassed, including the enjoyment supervenient upon functioning well.