etymon


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  • noun

Synonyms for etymon

a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes

References in periodicals archive ?
the etymon meaning 'name' is realised as nimi, -e in Finnish and Estonian, but l'em/l'am/l'em in Mordvin, and lam/lum in Mari.
Such similarities of use, which are also found between either of the two particles, on the one hand, and their Latin etymon or their modern Spanish counterpart ya, on the other (cf.
Yuan [5143 [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (yuan/nguyen)]" was a newly made ethnonym from an etymon that means "the first [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]]" (121-SW: #2).
However, these are formed from partially reduplicated reflexes of PAN *duSa (> PMP *duha) 'two' plus Ca-reduplication (with subsequent assimilation in Isneg and Tagalog) and an etymon is, as yet, only available at the level of PPh *kaduduha 'soul, spirit of a living person' (see ACD).
Selon Slenes, ce mot provient du mot ngoma (<< presque un etymon universel de "tambour" dans toutes les langues bantoues >>) qui designe un type de grand tambour, recouvert d'un seul cote par une peau d'animal et qui s'accorde en rapprochant du feu son cote couvert (Slenes 1982 : 124).
Word studies: lexicography: bilingual dictionaries, lexicography: classical Arabic, lexicography: monolingual dictionaries, lexicon: matrix and etymon model, Persian loanwords.
Vets" and "diversion" share the Latin etymon "vertere," to turn.
And possibly the Latin fascino derives from this same etymon, and signifies a magical spell or bewitchment by means of which a victim is bound, entrapped (Ripman 170).
The above * kej 'king, lord' is also reminiscent of the etymon 'ruler, lord' in Yenisseian: Ket lqij 'prince' (Werner 2002: 153), Yugh lkij 'prince, power' (Werner 2002: 153), Kott hiji (Castren 1858: 210) ~ hii (Werner 2005: 110) 'lord, prince', Assan hii ~ hu ~ huj 'lord' (Werner 2005: 136), Arin kej 'chief, power' (Werner 2005: 159).
Das indoeuropaische Etymon der baltischen und slawischen Worter ist *uer- 'binden, anreihen, aufhangen' (IEW II 1150).
The etymon of these lexemes must have been Proto-Slavic *gbordlo because some present-day variants of grblo contain d of the morpheme -dlo, which is definitely a Slavic suffix: Pol.
Considering the above data and the prevailing meaning of "breath" in the four subgroups, the meaning of "breath" would seem a reasonable solution for this etymon.
Tappolet (1895), Merlo (1904), Zauner (1902), and many others defined "lexical change" as the result of one of the processes under (3), whereas the changes under (2) were merely seen as irregular developments of the same etymon, or lexical item, but not as a lexical, or "lexemic," change.
15 In most contexts, donna constitutes a term of respect (or at least lack of disrespect), carrying with it the noble connotations of the Latin etymon domina.
I do not understand the statement "ayen < *a-dayana-, the non-attested, but expected etymon of Persian ayine 'mirror'" (p.