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  • noun

Synonyms for etymon

a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes

References in periodicals archive ?
La demarche de MER reoriente et reorganise, pratiquement, la plupart des theories precedentes portant sur le biconsonantisme: ainsi, la theorie radicale de Philippi et de Meinhof se retrouve dans l'operation du croisement des etymons; la theorie grammaticale suggeree initialement par Lagarde sous-entend l'elargissement de l'etymon par prefixation et/ou incrementation d'elements grammaticaux, verbaux, nominaux; la theorie phonetique adoptee par Delitzsch et Lambert se traduit dans l'idee du developpement des etymons en tant que principale source de l'extension lexicale: les bases primitives elargies sont censees apporter quelques nuances d'ordre semantique, bien que leur modulation semantique ne puisse etre, pour l'instant, reduite a une formule invariable5.
If the above etymon is indeed a prestige word diffused by the Xiongnu, we would expect it to be found not only on the Korean peninsula but widely distributed in Central Asia too.
The etymon of these lexemes must have been Proto-Slavic *gbordlo because some present-day variants of grblo contain d of the morpheme -dlo, which is definitely a Slavic suffix: Pol.
Considering the above data and the prevailing meaning of "breath" in the four subgroups, the meaning of "breath" would seem a reasonable solution for this etymon.
The etymology of etymology is the Greek etymon, "true," hence, the true sense of a word based on its origins.
Most of the examples are related to a Latin etymon, and are frequently dealt with in the vast linguistic literature on false friends.
It greatly confirms this etymon, that the term, as more generally used, conveys the idea of something preternatural.
La separation, voire la metaphore ellememe, qui trouve la son etymon, se rejouent quant a elles dans les nombreuses scenes de transports en commun.
Tappolet (1895), Merlo (1904), Zauner (1902), and many others defined "lexical change" as the result of one of the processes under (3), whereas the changes under (2) were merely seen as irregular developments of the same etymon, or lexical item, but not as a lexical, or "lexemic," change.
Wherever possible, these glossary entries give the etymon and a reference to the Franzosisches Etymologisches Worterbuch (though minha in reading 14, 19 is not a reflex of MANDUCARE, but of MIN: see FEW, VI, 2, 139).
In the past a good number of terms whose ultimate etymon is English were borrowed in Spanish through the mediation of a neighbouring language.
For this basic definition I return to the etymon of totem, an Ojibwa word collected in the eighteenth century by the explorer John Long.
Etymology leads to curious translation when Clemoes recognizes that some Modern English word has descended from an Old English etymon, OE gyllan (ME yellen) is used, in a sense now obsolete,(8) of the strident or crashing noise made by inanimate things, a use not well translated by the derivative MnE 'to yell' as Clemoes does (270): gudhsearo gullon (Andreas line 127a) 'their wargear yelled'; and similarly (293-4) for Exodus line 490 'a yelling terror' and again (295) 'scream'.
15 In most contexts, donna constitutes a term of respect (or at least lack of disrespect), carrying with it the noble connotations of the Latin etymon domina.
Das indoeuropaische Etymon der baltischen und slawischen Worter ist *uer- 'binden, anreihen, aufhangen' (IEW II 1150).