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  • noun

Synonyms for etymon

a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes

References in periodicals archive ?
Quite interestingly, we could notice that many of such words descend from Latin monosyllabic etyma (see Table 2).
Smith (1707: vita VI [separately paginated 1-33]) gives a life of Sir Peter Young, in which Smith remarks that it is worth mentioning the 'Scotica Etyma D.
The data show that most of these ten etyma are comparable across the reconstructed languages.
Next to a large quantity of reconstructions taken from the work of Blust and Dempwolff and about 300 additions by Wolff, the glossary differentiates itself from previous works by including a number of atypical monosyllabic etyma and their relations with other protoforms, such as *lem 'shade, in dim light' > *kelem 'night, darkness', *salem 'night' and others (pp.
In particular there still remains a substantial body of classical evidence relating to etyma that needs to be turned to account.
The lemmata of the dictionary are alphabetically arranged Proto-Slavic etyma.
12) Cacciari correctly refers to the double meaning in the Greek etyma, where resurrection and devastation (as in desolation or removal of [especially] peoples) are represented by the same root word.
The verb-like prepositions derive historically from transitive verbs, but the etyma do not function as verbs in the present-day language (Lichtenberk 1991).
Let me cite one example, relating to Genette's sometimes confusing terminology concocted from Greek and Latin etyma (in particular, "metadiegetic"), where I point out that "the quest for the mot juste is sometimes carried to absurd lengths on the assumption that the remote and the arcane are the proper archive of adequate expression.
The earliest etyma were put to many, often conflicting, figurative uses because man, unlike God, was limited in thought and lacking in words (ideen- und wortarm).
Varro, in his pursuit of etyma, not only traces cultural history but exalts anomaly, thus opposing the grammatici, who by analogy would regularize the language, that is, make it common and wrest it from the aristocracy.
Most words in creole have Portuguese etyma but some do not.
The product 26 x 25 is divided by two since, according to this theory, the order of the consonants in the etyma plays no role.
7) This system is more faithful to the evidence, as the traditional model of assessing place-name elements according to their etyma is in danger of obscuring important lexical and semantic information relevant to the period of coinage.
Given that forms that can serve as DMs are (or were, at some earlier point in time) very often also employed in a variety of other functions, the main problem of diachronic DM research is the explanation of how forms of language (the etyma, as it were) acquire the function of a DM.