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  • noun

Synonyms for etymon

a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes

References in periodicals archive ?
The first six shared etyma in Table 2 belong to the same rhyme group of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in Zhou verses.
sets of Chinese characters sharing the same sound-based elements), the phonologies of Tibeto-Burman languages, and a few doubtful etymological equivalents of Sinitic etyma in some Tibeto-Burman languages.
I think that liquid medials and onsets with heterogeneous consonant clusters should be possible in some source language of some Sinitic etyma.
Returning to Finnic, one reason for my having to proceed with the comparison of attested languages is that many native Finnic etyma (like the last three in Table 2) are lacking from the reconstructed languages.
In which kinds of context do the etyma first come to be used as discourse markers, and why do speakers begin to use them in that way?
On the contrary, it is typical for them to have larger scope than their etyma.
84) tries to do just that by equating TC-I with PLB (*)1 and TC-II with PLB (*)2(1) even though about half of the sets cited with TC-I have cognates under PLB (*)2 and a big chunk of PLB (*)1 etyma have TC-II cognates.
does not claim to have any very precise ideas about the nature of this proto-morphology, but he does criticize "the current monosyllabic approach to ST and TB etyma reconstructions" (p.
7 The second point is that of the four etyma with initial velars (#2-5), only one (#4) directly attests the proposed innovation.
4 It is patently obvious that Kurux and Malto are closely related since they share substantial portions of their morphology as well as numerous etyma.
First, the pattern of etyma shared with Brahui is not significantly stronger with Kurux or Malto than with any other single language.
With the exception of unu and uno (and perhaps to a lesser extent a), all the pronominal forms set out in section 2 can readily be related to English etyma.
Halevy's theory ("L'article hebreu," Revue des Etudes Juives 23 [1891]: 117-21) on the origins of the definite article in Central Semitic from the etyma represented by the Akkadian near and far demonstratives (*hanni- and *?
wasy, Irula uli, Alu Kurumba oli) belongs to a Nilgiri microareal semantic group, the non-Nilgiri etyma meaning 'to flow; river, current'.
Most interesting (for an areal linguist, even thrilling) are those Nilgiri species that are not closely related to species elsewhere, denoted by names with Nilgiri etymologies only and no etyma elsewhere--that, hence, offer "acute problems": are they to be derived from Dravidian names lost elsewhere, or borrowed from non-Dravidian-speaking aborigines?