Avoid these enzyme-inducing Consider these non-enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs antiepileptic drugs * Carbamazepine (Tegretol) * Ethosuximide
(Zarontin) * Felbamate (Felbatol) * Gabapentin (Neurontin) * Lamotrigine (Lamictal) * Levetiracetam (Keppra) * Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) * Pregabalin (Lyrica) * Phenobarbital (Luminal) * Tiagabine (Gabitril) * Phenytoin (Dilantin) * Valproate (Depakote) * Primidone (Mysoline) * Vigabatrin (Sabril) * Topiramate (Topamax) * Zonisamide (Zonegran) * Benzodiazepines OCs, oral contraceptives.
The roles of long-term EEG monitoring and ethosuximide
Characterization of ethosuximide
reduction of low-threshold calcium current in thalamic neurons.
is the drug of choice but not available in Pakistan.
Other anticonvulsants associated with overgrowth are carbamazepine, primidone, phenobarbital, ethosuximide
, methosuximide, valproic acid.
Drugs implicated in forced normalisation Ethosuximide
(18) Lamotrigine (26) Vigabatrin (26) Levetiracetam (28) Topiramate (29) Table II.
The individual anti-epileptic drugs studied included carbamazepine, clonazepam, ethosuximide
, gabapentin, phenobarbital, phenytoin and valproic acid.
For her epilepsy, Blisse has to take 1,000mg of Vigabatrin, 300mg of Rufinamide, 60mg of Lamotrigine and 250mg of Ethosuximide
Self-harming or suicidal behaviors were not significantly associated with barbiturate AEDs (phenobarbital, primidone, and methylphenobarbital), conventional AEDs (carbamazepine, valproate, pheny-toin, ethosuximide
, and acetazolamide), or newer AEDs that do not carry an increased risk of depression (ox-carbazepine, lamotrigine, gabapentin, or pregabalin).
The companies' combined strengths in such other drugs as tetracycline (nearly 99% of the market between them); ethosuximide
(about 88%); and metronidazole (82%) could also present problems, analysts say.
Effects of anticonvulsants on learning: Performance of pigeons under a repeated acquisition procedure when exposed to phenobarbital, clonazepam, valproic acid, ethosuximide
Table Drugs that can cause akathisia * Dopamine receptor agonists (such as antiparkinsons agents) * Carbidopa/levodopa * Ethosuximide
* Metoclopramide * Neuroleptics * Reserpine * Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
Seizure medications: phenytoin, carbamazepine, primidone, ethosuximide
, methylphenobarbital, paramethadione, phenobarbital, topiramate
The most commonly used drugs are carbamazepine (Calepsin[R]), benzodiazepines (for example, clonazepame [Klonopin[R]]), barbiturates (for example, phenobarbital [Luminal[R]]), primidone (Mysoline[R]), phenytoin (Dilantin[R]), ethosuximide
(Zarontin[R]), gabapentin (Neurontin[R]), tiagabine (Gabitril[R]), topiramate (Topamax[R]), and valproate (Depacon[R]) (Glauser et al.
At the time of his admission to the inpatient facility, he was on several medications including valproic acid, clonazepam, felbamate, ethosuximide
, and sertraline.