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  • noun

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a trellis on which ornamental shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat

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The espalier is a useful method of training fruit trees and it is becoming increasingly popular in the garden because it is ideal for positions adjacent to a wall or a fence and occupies a minimum amount of space.
TRAINING apple and pear trees as espaliers with the branches running horizontally on either side of the stem to make a compact yet productive tree makes the tree easier to prune and the fruit easier to pick.
The event - on Saturday, September 6 - provides gardeners with advice for pruning trained espaliers and wall fruit trees.
Start pruning trained fruit tree forms (such as espaliers, fans and cordons), to encourage fruit bud formation.
Espaliers graced many of the great palaces and country homes of European nobility and royalty.
Useful lists of native plants for hedges and screens, espaliers, erosion control, deer resistance, seashore, woodland, meadow, and more.
Sasanqua camellias are especially suited to growing on espaliers, while japonicas make a tall, handsome evergreen hedge.
Where there is no room for trees, the solution is to train the trees against a fence in cordons, fans or espaliers.
START pruning trained fruit tree forms, such as espaliers, fans and cordons, to encourage fruit bud formation.
CREATING AN ESPALIER Espaliers are trees which allow fruits to be trained in narrow beds or beside paths, with single upright main stems and pairs of straight horizontal branches, or arms, arranged in tiers.
The best shapes include espaliers, which have several sets of horizontal arms - cordons, with single main stems grown at an angle, or fans.
However, small dwarf fruit trees and those trained as espaliers and cordons can often set larger crops of fruit that can break the stems or become overcrowded.
Sasanquas range from upright (good choices for informal hedges and containers) to spreading or vinelike (useful for espaliers and groundcovers).
Step over apples, the single-tier espaliers that are about 18ins tall, are a good way of edging herb beds and flower borders.