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  • noun

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a trellis on which ornamental shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat

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The espalier is a useful method of training fruit trees and it is becoming increasingly popular in the garden because it is ideal for positions adjacent to a wall or a fence and occupies a minimum amount of space.
Plums Redcurrants Peaches Pears U-shaped cordons Espaliers Windows Step-over Spring watch Enjoy a heavenly spring day suspended beneath the blossoms on an apple tree
Espaliers graced many of the great palaces and country homes of European nobility and royalty.
Useful lists of native plants for hedges and screens, espaliers, erosion control, deer resistance, seashore, woodland, meadow, and more.
Sasanqua camellias are especially suited to growing on espaliers, while japonicas make a tall, handsome evergreen hedge.
Espaliers are trees and shrubs that are allowed to develop only two dimensionally: they have height and width, but hardly any depth (Figure 12-3).
While there are many variations, the six basic forms of espalier are "multitier cordon," with its rows of branches growing horizontally; "candelabra," with its vertical rows of branches growing off a single horizontal; "palmette verrier," with its U-shaped branching pattern; "fan," with a radiating branching pattern; "informal," that are more naturally shaped; and "Belgian fence," several V-shaped espaliers woven together.
START pruning trained fruit tree forms, such as espaliers, fans and cordons, to encourage fruit bud formation.
CREATING AN ESPALIER Espaliers are trees which allow fruits to be trained in narrow beds or beside paths, with single upright main stems and pairs of straight horizontal branches, or arms, arranged in tiers.
The best shapes include espaliers, which have several sets of horizontal arms - cordons, with single main stems grown at an angle, or fans.
However, small dwarf fruit trees and those trained as espaliers and cordons can often set larger crops of fruit that can break the stems or become overcrowded.
Sasanquas range from upright (good choices for informal hedges and containers) to spreading or vinelike (useful for espaliers and groundcovers).
Step over apples, the single-tier espaliers that are about 18ins tall, are a good way of edging herb beds and flower borders.
Apples and pears are especially suitable as espaliers, whereas peaches, nectarines and cherries are more often trained as fans.