Certainly these Chinese literati built on a painterly legacy of masters, yet eremitism
was also form of silent protest against the powers that be in the outer world.
One of the paradoxes of eremitism
as a phenomenon is that, whether one is thinking of recluses shut into cells abutting parish churches of anchorites in remote wildernesses, hermits needed the world.
Shannon's treatment of ascetic practice seeks to reconceive the well-known individualistic strain of eremitism
as a spiritual model for intersubjective relationships between friends.
Following these persecutions eremitism
developed and in its turn made its mark on the Copts' religious identity.
Given the centrality of politics to Berkowitz's own definition of eremitism in China, however, there is also a sense in which the most thoroughly "genuine" recluses--those who were sincerely uninterested in politics, and who disappeared into the mountain grottoes to pursue their own private agendas--may also have been, oddly enough, somewhat peripheral to the history of Chinese reclusion.
This process climaxed with the compilation of Huangfu Mi's (215-282) Lives of High-Minded Men (Gaoshi zhuan), which for the first time defined the recluse as someone who resol utely shunned office and chose eremitism as a way of life, and which set the standard for a genre that spawned at least sixteen other similar compositions by the mid-sixth century.
In one of Delcorno's recent essays, he notes the Dominicans' role in promoting doctrine and preaching in Tecento Tuscany, and he sees in the Decameron's "complex thematic score" "the remarks on contemporary eremitism
and the parody of certain motifs inherent in the monastic tradition.
On the other hand, an unusual non-ascetic eremitism
has a history in China that precedes Buddhism.
The indigenous Chinese understanding of eremitism
included none of these provisions and is based on an entirely different understanding for the meaning of separation from society.
Voobus) to believe that Syrian asceticism originated in Manichaeism or in Egyptian eremitism
(as claimed by the author[s] of a late Syrian tradition embodied in the legend of Mar Awgen).
73) Keeping one's body intact ultimately justified eremitism
, the decision to withdraw from society altogether in times of chaos.
Hearkening back directly to Han "exemplary eremitism
,"(14) during the Six Dynasties the nomination of candidates whose forte was feigning the lofty conduct of a man-in-reclusion continued as a sort of mutated vestige of the earlier recommendatory system.
As a guidepost for his study, Vervoorn cogently defines eremitism
The book is divided into four chapters ("The Origins of Eremitism
and Its Development in the Warring States Period," "The Former Han and the Wang Mang Period," "The Later Han," "Eremitism
at Court"), plus an introduction and conclusion.
According to Vervoorn, Gong Sheng "actually embodies |the~ shift from the exemplary but rather theoretical Confucian eremitism
of the last part of the Former Han to the equally exemplary but deadly serious Confucian eremitism
of the Wang Mang period and its aftermath".