Instead, this standard is closely similar to the limited form of responsibility that many epistemologists
readily accept - a responsibility to advert to evidence that threatens to defeat an existing belief.
Dharmakirti's great commentator, Prajnakaragupta, makes explicit what his predecessor only suggested: that the impossibility of jati in the broad sense directly delegitimizes Brahminical claims that jati in the social sense is anything more than a conceptual fiction, acquired through the testimony of others--and testimony, for Buddhist epistemologists
, is not a sufficient warrant for any truth claim, i.
Not satisfied with Socrates response, epistemologists
have rallied to their respective theories to show that they can offer a substantive response to this question (Pritchard, 2007, pgs.
While the literature has not paid much attention to the exact process by which the contextual standards for knowledge attributions are lowered (after all, the epistemologists
are primarily concerned with replying to skeptical worries that knowledge is never possible), Lewis suggests that it is as simple as moving the conversation on to another context in which the doubt-inducing possibility is properly ignored.
Hempel and of the other supporters of the so-called Standard View, it is easy to notice the substantial diversity between these epistemologists
and the Poznan methodologists, just because Popper and Hempel didn't catch the idealizational nature of scientific theories.
While favored logical principles may enable epistemologists
to begin their task, there always remains the possibility that one's belief is in fact false, despite one's principled assertions to the contrary, or that the way in which one comes to believe what one does is flawed.
That dogs are not men is something rational beings know, however nominal and provisional the claim might be, according to the epistemologists
Moore, (2) Roderick Chisholm, (3) and many other English-speaking epistemologists
throughout (and especially in the first two-thirds of) the twentieth century.
The most comfortable territory for epistemologists
is formulating and critically examining epistemological theories.
The book will be of interest to historians of microscopy, epistemologists
, and historians of the life sciences in the modern period.
In the perspective of philosophy, epistemologists
have been constantly exploring the meaning of knowledge.
These images and schemas appear in the work of canonical philosophers such as Plato and Kant, contemporary continental philosophers such as Jacques Derrida and Luce Irigaray, feminist epistemologists
such as Evelyn Fox Keller, popular media and everyday discourse.
In the final chapter, "Shakespeare and the French Epistemologists
," Cox argues that Shakespeare's differences from Descartes and Montaigne outweigh their common ground.
Despite their many internal differences, social epistemologists
agree on two points: (1) classical epistemology, philosophy of science and sociology of knowledge have presupposed an idealized conception of scientific inquiry that is unsupported by the social history of scientific practices; (2) nevertheless, one still needs to articulate normatively appropriate ends and means for science, given science's status as the exemplar of rationality for society at large.
have been working full-bore on that for quite a while, and it looks like no one view is winning out.