Mature larva of Reesa vespulae (Milliron): 4, antenna (dorso-fronto-lateral); 5, spiciseta; 6, hastiseta; 7, right mandible (dorsal); 8, mandible (latero-ventral); 9, epipharynx
(ventral); 10, lacinia (dorsal); 11, lacinia (ventral); 12, maxilla (ventral); 13, labium (ventral); 14, labial palp (ventral).
putting haemostatic sponge to the bleeding surface of epipharynx
and its fixation by means of back tampon pressing, as well as by frontal tamponade of both halves of the nose.
Oshima T, Sakamoto M, Arita H: Hiccuplike response elicited by mechanical stimulation of the dorsal epipharynx
However, it differs from the members of Athetini in having a tentative synapomorphy of Geostibini, the reduced a-sensillum of epipharynx
roldani are therefore interpreted to be predatory-carnivorous midges, are prognathous, exhibit an elongate, narrow head, mandible hooked with a single strong tooth and a fossa mandibularis, epipharynx
gently massive, hypostoma fi nely toothed and cylindrical maxillary palpi (Thomsen, 1937; Mullen & Hribar, 1988; Hribar, 1993; Ronderos et al.
Acoustic rhinometry: A new method to evaluate the geometry of the nasal cavity and the epipharynx
2) transverse, 7 pairs of macrosetae present, sensilla of anteromedial sensory area distinct, shallow and narrowly emarginated, [alpha]-sensillum with short setose process, [beta] and [gamma] minute and conical, [epsilon] with short setose process, almost as long as [alpha], three lateral sensillae present on lateral margins of epipharynx
, transverse row of sensory pores absent on basal region of epipharynx
; right mandible (Fig.
Our results show that the larvae of Cyclocephalini are distinguished from other American dynastine larvae by the following combination of characters: epipharynx
with haptomeral process not entire (but entire in all species of Dyscinetus and in Ancognatha manca LeConte, 1866); plegmatia absent (except wide in Cyclocephala testacea Burmeister, 1847 and narrow in Aspidolea singularis Bates, 1888); dorsal surface of last antennal segment with two sensory spots; ocelli present and often pigmented (all species of Cyclocephala); each tarsal claw with two setae; raster without palidia (with palidia in C.
But as a preliminary introduction based on Ritcher (1966), Moron (1987), Pardo and Moron (2006), and our recent experience, we propose the following combination of characters as diagnostic for the larvae of Agaocephalini: Labrum sligthly asymmetrical, right lateral margin of epipharynx
rounded, left lateral margin briefly angulated.
glabrous medially, with 5 anterior setae on each side.
Clypeus and labrum without setae or sensilla; epipharynx
with a pair of small sensilla (a).