The body louse can carry harmful bacteria, such as Rickettsia prowazekii that causes epidemic typhus
, and is classified as a category B bioterrorism agent.
In 1943, Marinus was seconded to the Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) with the rank of major and travelled with an army medical team to Algiers in North Africa, where an outbreak of epidemic typhus
was being experienced.
was not precisely distinguished from typhus fever until 1836 (6).
These diseases mainly include typhoid fever, epidemic typhus
, smallpox, plague, measles, and influenza, all of which could be initial candidates for the plague in Oedipus Rex and have been taken into account in this study (online Technical Appendix) (9,10).
Serological differentiation of murine typhus and epidemic typhus
using cross-adsorption and western blotting.
To the Editor: Epidemic typhus
is caused by Rickettsia prowazekii and transmitted by human body lice.
akari), and scrub typhus (Orientia tsutsugamushi), and lice as vectors for epidemic typhus
A murine model of infection with Rickettsia prowazekii: implications for pathogenesis of epidemic typhus
The greatest degree of central nervous system involvement in rickettsial diseases occurs in Rocky Mountain spotted fever and epidemic typhus
, followed closely by scrub typhus.
meningitis in the southwestern United States.
A search for the epidemic typhus
agent in Ethiopian ticks.
Here is a clue: he discovered that epidemic typhus
is transmitted by lice.
Sylvatic epidemic typhus
, hereafter referred to as sylvatic typhus, is a rare but potentially lethal zoonotic exanthematous disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii.
The proceedings provide a tantalizing spectacle, not just of failed angels but of all monsters, among them nature's ferocious bloodsucking nation of fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, and other horrors, pestering without provocation and spreading pain and disease, from epidemic typhus
to bartonellosis, from rickettsioses to relapsing fever.