What distinguished this kind of good life from the Epicureanism
advocated by the young Voltaire in "Le Mondain"?
39) But we may wonder whether Hythlodaeus's presentation of their religious and social practices indicates merely a generally positive evaluation by More of the good that can be achieved outside Christianity, or is also a critique of humanist attempts to see a revival of learning as necessarily neopagan and perhaps an argument that an apparently ideal and Platonic Utopia must collapse into a self-seeking, self-satisfied, incoherent blend of Stoicizing Christianity with Epicureanism
--at least as some of the humanists misunderstood Epicureanism
Cicero's opposition to Epicureanism
is well-trodden territory.
The principal text of Epicureanism
available to us today is Lucretius' six-book poem On the Nature of Things.
And the first explicit denial of man's political nature belongs not to Christianity, but to Epicureanism
, which views justice not as an end in itself but as a means to the individual's desire to procure his own good.
I have to wonder where in my chapter on Julius Caesar Heberle found a single sentence that suggested a critique of "classical political philosophy," as opposed to, say, a critique of Brutus's Stoicism and Cassius' Epicureanism
(both of which are explicitly referenced in the play).
But during the Christian era Epicureanism
was equated with hedonism, a connection inconsistent with the philosophy of Epicurus.
Second, the Epicureanism
that he espoused, while it had some traction in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, is wholly incompatible with contemporary physics.
In Erasmus, reformers such as Sebastian Castellio, Girolamo Cardano, Daniel De Breen, and John Milton found arguments for a wide array of other positions, not only the advocacy of peace, the condemnation of a self-seeking ruling class, or religious toleration, but also, more problematically for early modern Christians, Nicodemism (religious dissimulation) and Epicureanism
In sections on redaction criticism in a new key, the early church and ancient spiritual life, and giving back to the larger academic world, he discusses such matters as the Bible of international business, the positioning of good news, the three Marys and Mithra, the rich fool and Epicureanism
, form criticism and native ecology, and parables within the framework of recovery.
Lorenzo Valla (1407-1457) was the enfant terrible of Italian humanism: a committed iconoclast, he was accused of heresy by the Neapolitan Inquisition after trying to reconcile Christianity with Epicureanism
, the ancient philosophical system with which it would seem least compatible; on the personal level he was just as irritating, engaging in celebrated polemics with other humanists like Antonio da Rho and Poggio Bracciolini.
In addition to utilizing stoicism, Epicureanism
, utilitarianism, Platonism, Aristotelianism, and Buddhism, he makes salient points about his own dissatisfactions with contemporary approaches to the concept.
still believes in the veneration of the gods (Bailey 1947a:972).
denies the immortality of the soul, and thus we can see "Lucretius" as a reaction-formation against the impulse that had led to "Tithonus.
at the Origins of Modernity, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2008, 304 pp.