epicardium


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  • noun

Synonyms for epicardium

the innermost of the two layers of the pericardium

References in periodicals archive ?
The Stanford scientists identified a protein, follistatin-like 1, (FSTL1) that is produced in the epicardium in healthy hearts but went missing after a heart attack.
Mesotheliomas of peritoneum, epicardium, and pericardium induced by strain MC29 avian leukosis virus.
D) Wavefront propagation across the ventricular epicardium at 9 Hz pacing frequency after exposure to control media (left) or 100 [micro]M BPA for 1 min (right); arrows indicate local CVs.
nContact's Numeris Coagulation System with VisiTrax and EPi-Sense (TM) Coagulation System technology integrates suction, perfusion and radiofrequency energy to ensure consistent cardiac tissue contact and create visible, continuous lesions on the epicardium of a beating heart.
nContact's Numeris Coagulation System with VisiTrax and EPi-Sense (TM) Coagulation System technology integrates suction, perfusion, and radiofrequency energy to ensure consistent cardiac tissue contact and create visible, continuous lesions on the epicardium of a beating heart.
nContact's Numeris(R) Coagulation System with VisiTrax(R) and next generation EPi-Sense(R) Coagulation System technology integrate suction, perfusion, and radiofrequency energy to ensure consistent cardiac tissue contact and create visible, continuous lesions on the epicardium of a beating heart.
Anatomical studies show that the fiber direction rotates counterclockwise from epicardium to endocardium and that the fibers are arranged in sheets running across the myocardial wall [8, 11, 25].
Modern post processing software can demarcate the borders of the endocardium and epicardium, as shown in Fig.
The new study shows that the protein may not only protect heart cells from further injury but may also generate a few new muscle cells from stem cells in the lining, called the epicardium.
Loss of sodium channel function leads to imbalance of currents during phase 1 of the cardiac action potential and a characteristic notch in regions of the epicardium but not endocardium.
Paul Riley and colleagues have identified a rich source of dormant stem cells in the epicardium, the innermost layer of the sac, which surrounds the heart, reports New Scientist
These mutations result in current transients from ventricular epicardium to endocardium which culminate in ventricular tachyarrhythmias.
Additional conduction delay from endocardium to epicardium then moves the J wave out of the QRS complex.
The boundary lengths of the infarcted and noninfarcted endocardial and epicardial surfaces of all slices were traced and the infarct size was determined as the percentage of infarcted epicardium and endocardium of the LV.
If ischemia continues, the resultant necrosis gradually progresses outward to involve the epicardium with ensuing transmural enhancement (Figure 3) along the distribution of the involved epicardial coronary artery.