The nucellus of Ephedra
differs from many other gymnosperms in that a central apical portion degenerates to form a pollen chamber (Rydin et al.
If taken in large amounts, ephedra
could lead to serious heart problems, stroke or even death in otherwise healthy people.
Chang wasn't sure whether the medicine actually contained ephedra
or another substance that might mimic ephedra
in a drug test.
In the current case, the exact timing of the ingestion of ephedra
is not stated, although the history notes that the patient recently initiated taking the supplement as part of a weight-loss program.
OTC dietary supplements containing ephedra
are sometimes used by athletes for weight loss or to increase stamina.
The FDA's pursuit of ephedra
brought a shift in the government's approach to making its case for regulatory action, according to Ilene Ringel Heller, senior staff attorney for the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), a consumer advocacy group based in Washington, D.
Bitter orange poses the same risks of stroke, MI, and death that are believed to occur with ephedra
, and until it is studied more carefully, it should be avoided.
The FDA claims that dietary supplements containing ephedra
pose "an unreasonable risk" for the consumer.
In the wake of ephedra
, perhaps the most popular of the "new" generation of herbal weight-loss products Citrus aurantium (Seville orange or sour orange), used in traditional Chinese medicine for digestive problems.
Bechler's death was linked to ephedra
, the herbal weight-loss supplement that has now been connected to a total of 155 deaths and more than 16,000 serious illnesses.
One of the gripes King had was with Life Plus' weight-loss product, MetaboGenx, which contains ephedra
Questionable supplement The compound ephedra
provides only modest weight-loss effects and poses health risks, an analysis of research showed (163: 237).
Illinois became the first state to ban the sale of ephedra
products, followed by New York and California, after the supplements were linked to thousands of heart attacks, strokes and at least 100 deaths.
Look on the supplement shelf of any drugstore and you can see ephedra
and ephedrine advertised in many products that make claims of increased energy and fat loss.
A: I wouldn't use ephedra
and I advise all of my patients against using it--especially on an on-going basis.