Supermajority rules can also decrease the ill effects of partisanship by making it less likely that entrenchments can be passed with the support of only one party.
First, because entrenched norms cannot easily be eliminated, controversial entrenchments can be extremely divisive.
Entrenchments, however, last long into the future, and bad entrenchments are at least as harmful as good entrenchments are beneficial.
According to Rodrigues (2009), the term entrenchment was given by Mowday et al.
According to Grant (2003), when individuals perceive the tasks they are given is appropriate to their skill level, interests and knowledge, and believe that their work is recognized, they tend to value the organization's contributions to these factors and strengthen linkages with it, such as commitment and entrenchment.
1982), and McElroy (2001b), commitment develops from individuals' expectations of and experiences with organizational practices and entrenchment its last phase.
Ackerman, We the People at 15 (cited in note 2) (referring to entrenchment of African slave trade until 1808).
105) Ironically, the upshot of Ackerman's project of "American exceptionalism" is that on his view We the People, the American popular sovereign, are ultimately quite similar to the "legally untrammelled will" of the sovereign that is envisioned in British legal positivism and that positivist dualists would find standing behind the entrenchment clauses of the purportedly rights foundationalist German Basic Law.
In the quoted passage, Chief Justice Marshall is not discussing entrenchment clauses, but instead is advancing the classical, interpretive justification of judicial review under a written constitution.
We can imagine a perfectly coherent constitution that permits legislative entrenchments, but that prohibits legislative alteration of voting rules in particular.
Among the examples are provisions that effect entrenchments, provisions that resemble entrenchments but really are not, and provisions that effect partial entrenchments.
On the morning of February 23, the siege began, but the fort's cannon fired harmlessly against the entrenchments and no Americans were killed.
Clark continued to have entrenchments dug around the fort, hoping that his galley would soon arrive with cannon and reinforcements.
Eskridge and Ferejohn are going to lose some readers when they talk about entrenchment.
The process of entrenchment through implementation is crucial to tapping into the deeper, social norm source of power.