An entrenching statute has this propositional content plus an additional provision R which governs the conditions under which the statute may be repealed or amended.
Entrenching statutes pose two puzzles, one conceptual and the other normative.
2) When cashed out in terms of constitutional doctrine, the principle means that legislatures may not enact entrenching statutes or entrenching rules: statutes or rules that bind the exercise of legislative power, by a subsequent legislature, over the subject matter of the entrenching provision.
But the more significant problem with Tribe's argument is that the Constitution does not say that Congress may not make "meta-law," or an entrenching statute.
Regime 1 permits entrenching statutes and permits retroactive legislation.
Regime 2 permits entrenching statutes but forbids retroactive legislation.
Regime 3 forbids entrenching statutes but permits retroactive legislation.
Regime 4 forbids both entrenching statutes and retroactive legislation.
The examples of entrenching provisions that we collect below sometimes display self-reference and sometimes do not.
Our claim is that there is no independent constitutional prohibition against entrenching statutes, so there can be nothing "improper" about their enactment.
Note that the technical question is just whether the entrenching component or clause of a statute is valid, not whether the remainder of the statute--its content--is valid.
Enacting an express repeal requires a degree of public visibility and legislative attention that would assuage the entrenching legislature's concerns about interest-group influence and decisional pathologies.
Each figure is outfitted and equipped with a field jacket, steel pot helmet, shirt, trousers, combat boots with gaiters, automatic rifle, entrenching
tool, web belt, canteen, ammo pouches, and assault gas mask bag.