The findings of the present study are in agreement with a previous study that demonstrated a dose dependent reduction on enflurane
MAC by morphine in dogs (MURPHY & HUG JR, 1982).
Meretoja O A et al (1996), (3) Paris S T et al (1997), (4) Brien K O et al (1998), (5) Massakki et al (1993), (9) Veronique et al (1994), (8) Matsuyki et al (1993), (10) Joel B et al (1995),11 Sigston et al (1997) ,6 Bkack A et al (1996), (7) and many others have used various inhalational anaesthetic agents such as Sevoflurane, Halothane, Enflurane
, or Isoflurane for induction of anaesthesia in their paediatric patients.
CYP2E1 is one of the major cytochrome P450 enzymes that it is involved in a number of low molecular mass xenobiotics metabolism, including ethanol, long chain fatty acids, paracetamol, chlorzoxazone, and anaesthetics such as enflurane
, sevoflurane, methoxyflurane and isoflurane.
anaesthesia with propofol versus balanced volatile anaesthesia with enflurane
The volatile liquids include desflurane (Suprane), enflurane
(Ethrane), halothane (Fluothane), isoflurane (Forane), methoxyflurane (Penthrane), and sevoflurane (Ultane).
Effects of enflurane
, isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane on reperfusion injury after regional myocardial ischemia in the rabbit heart in vivo.
These include common drugs such as diazepam, ketamine, pancuronium, thiopentone, enflurane
Then came enflurane
and its isomer isoflurane, which provided the more desirable effects of general anesthesia.
Commonly used drugs in dentistry and their use in patients with acute porphyrias [Taken from: British National Formulary, 2006 and The European Porphyria Initiave, 2007] Considered Considered Drug Category Unsafe Safe Local anaesthetics Lignocaine * Lignocaine *, Prilocaine, Bupivacaine Intravenous Barbiturates Midazolom, Propofol anaesthetics Inhalation Enflurane
, Halothane Nitrous Oxide, Anaesthetics Isoflurane Premedication / Diazepam Midazolom, Temazepam sedative Non opiod analgesics Diclofenac, Aspirin, Diflunisal, Mefanamic acid Dihydrocodeine Ibuprofen, Paracetamol.
Sedation may be accomplished by inhaled agents (eg, sevoflurane, nitrous oxide, isoflurane, enflurane
, halothane or desflurane) or intravenous (IV) agents (eg, barbiturates, ketamine or propofol).
Among the inhaled anesthetics, ether derivatives halothane, isoflurane, and enflurane
are the most common, but nitrous oxide (laughing gas), cyelopropane, and xenon, which aren't related to ether, also work.
succinylcholine) d-Tubocurarine Ether Methoxyflurane Rapid intravenous potassium Volatile inhalational anesthetics (desflurane, enflurane
, halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane) Use cautiously Catecholamines Haloperidol Phenothiazines (chlorpromazine, prochlorperazine) Safe to use Anticholinergics Anticholinesterases Barbiturates Benzodiazepines Calcium Droperidol Etomidate Ketamine Local anesthetics Narcotics Nitrous oxide Nondepolarizing muscle relaxants Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Propofol
Psychological studies of human performances affected by traces of enflurane
and nitrous oxide.
In this study, patients underwent intermediate rather than minor surgery, and breathed spontaneously while anaesthetized with nitrous oxide and enflurane