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the inner portion of the cytoplasm of a cell

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The most prominent cytoplasmic organelles in these cells are smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER), mitochondria with tubular cristae, lipid droplets, and lipofuscin bodies.
These results suggest that Salicinium induces endoplasmic reticulum stress in HK-2 mediated cells, which is in turn involved in apoptosis or autophagy.
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), a dynamic membranous organelle, is involved in protein synthesis, posttranslational modification, folding, calcium storage, lipid metabolism, and steroid hormone synthesis.
The finding helps explain how the endoplasmic reticulum, or ER, reshapes itself in response to changing conditions, says study coauthor Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz, a cell biologist at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Research Campus in Ashburn, Va.
5] cells were cultured at 33[degrees]C and 37[degrees]C to induce the cell proliferation and differentiation respectively for the endoplasmic reticulum stress model construction (Figure 1A).
UPR is triggered by three major ER-resident transducers: inositol-requiring enzyme-1 (IRE1), protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), and activating transcription factor-6 (ATF6).
Their cytoplasm is rich in mitochondria, rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum, microtubules, and vesicles, while Golgi complexes are sparse.
Retention of APP in the endoplasmic reticulum/intermediate compartment (ER/IC) eliminated production of intracellular [A[beta].
Secretory and transmembrane proteins accounting for one-third of total cellular proteins are synthesized on ribosomes bound to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, translocated into the lumen of the ER, and then folded with the assistance of molecular chaperones and folding enzymes (protein disulfide isomerase etc.
In response to stress, plant may accumulate excessive amounts of misfolded or unfolded proteins within the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER).
GRP78 is a 70kDa heat shock protein, which is involved in protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER).
When there were no calcium ions circulating outside the cell, this force helped to release calcium ions from a structure inside the cell called the endoplasmic reticulum.
These compartments include the nucleus, which holds genetic information in the form of DNA; the endoplasmic reticulum, which shunts proteins and lipids around the cell; and mitochondria which act as the cell's powerhouse.
For mammals to use the proteins in our bodies, a process called protein folding must occur in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of cells.
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