Because the woman's vertigo was disabling, ELS surgery was performed on the right ear with an Austin endolymph
dispersement drain in 1987.
is rich in potassium but not in sodium and calcium.
The ototoxic effects of loop diuretics seem to be associated with the stria vascularis, which is affected by changes in the ionic gradients between the perilymph and endolymph
Caloric stimulation is an "artificial," but convenient, way to evaluate the adequacy of the vestibular system by causing the endolymph
to move in the semicircular canal (due to a convection current) even when the head is still.
This may lead to endolymph
movement within the inner ear directed toward the site of dehiscence overlying the superior canal.
These results indicate that water temperature, doubtless in association with other factors, provides a stimulus that influences the endolymph
fluid chemistry of these fish, culminating in the formation of annual growth increments.
This condition is believed to be caused by an elevated level of endolymphatic pressure, which is likely due to poor absorption from the endolymphatic sac or excess secretion of endolymph
, and results in distention of Reissner's membrane.
These are plausible artifacts, given that opaque zone formation is under control of a poorly understood combination of environmental and endogenous factors that influence endolymph
fluid chemistry (Beckman and Wilson, 1995; Romanek and Gauldie, 1996).
Similarly, peak endolymph
levels were reached in 1 to 2 hours and they, too, rapidly declined.
It is postulated that calcium channel blockers inhibit the flow of calcium from the endolymph
into the cells of the crista ampullaris.
Movement of the endolymph
in the semicircular canals, and movement of the otoliths in the case of the maculae, is translated by the hair cells into an electrical impulse.