endocentric


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Antonyms for endocentric

fulfilling the grammatical role of one of its constituents

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References in periodicals archive ?
To avoid this problem, this paper focuses exclusively on endocentric compounds, that is, those where the categorial features of one of the constituents are inherited by the compound word, whereas the other constituent is in some way subordinate to the first.
The data in (1) show the productive endocentric left-headed compounding patterns of Spanish that have nominal non-heads ([[N+N].
The left-headed nominal patterns ([1a]-[1b]) are undoubtedly the most productive endocentric patterns in modern Spanish, followed by ([2b][2c]).
In head-initial endocentric compounding, the non-head nominal appears in its full form, including its gender/class inflectional suffix (or word class marker, henceforth WCM, Harris 1991, cf.
It is argued here that this morphological difference alone can be used to account for the two different head positions in Spanish endocentric compounds with nominal non-heads.
Section 3 provides quantitative evidence that the position of the head in Spanish endocentric compounds is indeed related to the morphological makeup of the non-head nominal.
The data used to quantify endocentric compounds with nominal non-heads are mostly from Bustos Gisbert (1986), a vast, homogeneous, dictionary-based database of nominal and adjectival compounds.
In what follows, I propose an analysis that accounts for the two possible positions of the head in Spanish endocentric compounds and links those positions to the morphological form of the nominal non-head.
To summarize, the analysis presented here accounts for the left-headedness of Spanish endocentric compounds with a nominal non-head by positing the left as the unmarked head position, in agreement with universal head-complement order.
This paper set out to show that all Spanish endocentric compounds with nominal non-heads share the same underlying representation.
This solution is superior to previous ones in that it covers all endocentric compounds with nominal non-heads and accounts for virtually all of them, with the exception of some archaic and neologistic patterns.
Here the poet has decomposed two common exocentric compounds associated with the idea of dying from old age, living long (AV jaramrtyu- 'having death from old age, whose death is in old age', RV and AV dirghayus- 'having long life') and converted them into endocentric expressions.
Whitney AV 478 reports that the AVP actually here employs jaramrtyu-, which in all other passages functions as a bahuvrihi, as an endocentric compound 'death from old age'.
Some of the RV examples are also employed as endocentric determinative compounds (cf.