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  • noun

Words related to enchondroma

benign slow-growing tumor of cartilaginous cells at the ends of tubular bones (especially in the hands and feet)

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A conditional knock-in murine model of IDH alteration has been employed to generate enchondromas when driven by the Col2a1 promoter (63) and has been shown to generate hyperproliferative marrow along with epigenetic alterations seen in myeloid neoplasms when driven by the LysM promoter.
29,30) Like enchondromas, giant cell tumors have characteristic features on radiographs, which typically allows for confident diagnosis.
Solitary enchondroma Painless enchondromas may be observed.
MRI findings may be useful in distinguishing enchondromas in the long bones from bone infarcts.
Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)1 and IDH2 mutations characterize cartilaginous tumors such as enchondromas and chondrosarcomas, but are absent in CBT.
Here we present an interesting case of Maffucci syndrome with a history of malignant transformation of enchondromas and recurrent hemangiomas that required multiple prophylactic surgical excisions.
Ollier's disease also confers an increased risk of malignancy, with transformation of the enchondromas into chondrosarcomas being noted, most often around age 40.
For example, in metachondromatosis, the growth of bones is affected, leading to multiple enchondromas and osteochondromas mainly in tubular bones.
Some lesions, such as solitary bone cysts (Figure 4), enchondromas (Figure 5), EG and Ewing's sarcoma, tend to be centrally located.
Enchondromas are hyaline cartilage tumors in the medullary canal.
Chondrosarcomas may arise de novo (primary), or superimposed (secondary) upon preexisting cartilaginous lesions, such as enchondromas or osteochondromas.
If arising within the medullary cavity, they are known as enchondromas.
Enchondromas sometimes cause dyschondroplasia of the long bones during childhood.
Cartilaginous tumors (such as osteochondromas, enchondromas, and chondrosarcomas) may produce irregularly shaped calcifications within their matrix that resemble popcorn on imaging studies (Figure 16).