The integration of the six emergent themes constitutes the new theory, which reflects practitioners' re-construction of the category of emotional disturbance
as it applied to students in an alternative education setting.
Although the Commission clearly saw a need for early intervention to prevent the development or progression of emotional disturbance
, it did not specifically equate "early intervention" with services for children and did not include school-based services in their descriptions of community-based service provision (JCMH 1961).
The actual number of students ages 6-21 being identified and served under the IDEA category of emotional disturbance
is less than half the USDOE estimate.
A converging body of evidence, then, suggests that while emotional disturbance
is high in children and adolescents, and while personality assessment is deemed valuable, not all school psychology interns nor all graduates enter the field prepared to conduct this component of psychological testing.
Although the clause only excludes youth who do not meet the other IDEA eligibility requirements (ED, 1998) from eligibility under the emotional disturbance
classification, an alternative interpretation has led many schools to exclude youth with conduct disorders from special education services.
Weinrach and Thomas (2002) then challenge the implicit assumption within the conceptual framework that the etiology of emotional disturbance
is a function of external factors (e.
Theoretical Conceptualizations of Emotional Disturbance
Minimum scores on the scale is 100 which shows less emotional disturbance
and maximum score is 200 which indicates more emotional disturbances
of the research participants.
Increase opportunities for individuals with serious mental illness and serious emotional disturbance
to be diverted from the criminal and juvenile justice systems and to improve care for those involved in the criminal and juvenile justice systems
These difficulties might be similar to but do not equate with the federal definition of serious emotional disturbance
A 2012 report from the Center for Disease Control found that 5 percent of children nationally between the ages of 4-17 had a serious emotional disturbance
In addition, emotional disturbance
has been attached to their smoking.
In the first section there is a description of most special needs: autism, sensory impairment, learning disability, physical challenge, emotional disturbance
, and Asperger's.
(ED) is the fourth most common disability of students receiving special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA; 2004).
It addresses the history of special education, various service delivery models, ethics, and service delivery model evaluation; the Individuals with Disabilities Act and funding allocations; the concept of education in the least restrictive environment, and Individualized Education Plans, 504 Plans, and response-to-intervention models; creating a vision statement that supports a service delivery model in special education; spending options; developing quality assurances; case studies of specific learning disabilities, emotional disturbance
, autism spectrum disorder, speech and language disability, and intellectual disability; and service delivery models around the world.