The cervix is covered with a layer of skin-like cells on its outer surface, called the ectocervix
2) The cervical fibroid polyp usually arises from the ectocervix
and from the posterior lip of the ectocervix
All the lesions of the uterine cervix involving ectocervix
and endocervix were included and lesions arising from the body of uterus, vulva, vagina, and neighboring organs extending in cervical canal but not involving cervical tissue and parametrium were excluded.
In this case, visualization of the ectocervix
must first be maximized.
On the contrary, the bacteria reaching the ectocervix
must compete for resources and be compatible with the metabolic wastes from the normal flora of the vagina.
There are also intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) in the ectocervix
and the transformation zone (TZ) which are mostly CD8+ and less frequently CD4+ (31,32).
During recent years, indications have extended beyond cases that involved the ectocervix
to include lesions with margins not defined at colposcopy.
This extension of the single-layered columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix
may facilitate genital tract shedding," the researchers said.
A ringed forceps was used to gently peel back the cervical eschar from the most distal ectocervix
toward the os in a radial manner.
Its patented design automatically collects cells from the endocervix (inside) and ectocervix
(outside) in one quick step.
Each of them underwent a complete gynecologic examination, including HPV DNA cervical screening and Pap smear sampling from the ectocervix
and endocervix using a plastic Ayres's spatula and cytobrush.
The scanning, which involves the entire ectocervix
and takes 12 seconds, follows application of 3%-5% acetic acid to the cervix.
The physician used 2 Dacron swabs: one directed at the endocervix and the other at the ectocervix
The long arm of Ayre's spatula was introduced into the cervical canal and rotation was done at 3600 angle to include ectocervix
and squamocolumnar junction.
4] Pagetoid dyskeratosis has been found incidentally in the squamous epithelium of the skin in various locations[4-6] and in the ectocervix
in uterine prolapse.