The casualties included not only economies
but also democracies in many countries, with devastating consequences.
As large markets drive economic development over decades, so strong market demand is said to drive growth year to year in a very particular way: by spurring firms to achieve vast economies
of scale in the production of standardized products for those markets.
have often depended upon the nonreciprocity of women or slaves to be the willingly or unwillingly "gifting" contributors of what Bourdieu calls "symbolic capital," so that those in power could convert this symbolic capital that came to them as a "gift" that could be converted into realized capital owned by those in power.
Latin American nations, though currently under pressure, have largely succeeded in opening up their economies
to international financial flows, and more rapidly rising living standards have been the result.
Those governments which seek to stimulate their economies
by borrowing money to finance public sector jobs during any future downturn will face penalties administered by the central bank.
The Anglo-Saxon economies
were particularly vulnerable but so was Japan's, and Germany was about to change geographically and economically.
Global economic prospects are brightening as the industrial economies
In financial services, growth is also expected to continue as international economies
But unlike the advanced Western economies
, Japan after its high growth period never made a proper switch to so-called lifestyle demands--second houses, second cars, expensive vacations, yachts, et cetera.
Tognetti makes some interesting observations about the differences between the medieval and early modern economies
, but he leaves unexamined the issue of the economic depression of the Renaissance.
Tom Doorley, a partner with Deloitte Consulting-Braxton Associates, has studied leaders and successful companies in both the Old and New Economies
The Asian economies
and the rest of the world are recovering, and if the dollar loses its strength and becomes a bit weaker, it's going to help our exports,'' Dhawan said.
Its significance is greatest, of course, for those who experienced socialism's failures up close and whose burden it is now to recreate stable societies, economies
and political systems in environments strewn with the economic, social and civic legacies of failure.
Looking further down the road, the fact that the debt rejection syndrome in the three largest economies
of the world may continue for some time suggests that it may be wise to think of the need for a global borrower of last resort.
Integration of the large emerging market economies
involves the risk of increasing protectionism.