I pointed out that the CEO had clarified that this was allowed but he was adamant and insisted that drivers get fined if they make more than one drop-off
Detecting drop-offs may also be influenced by ergonomic factors, such as the type of cane tip (Kim, Wall Emerson, & Curtis, 2010b) and length of the cane (Rodgers & Wall Emerson, 2005).
We used the 50% absolute drop-off detection threshold and drop-off detection rates to measure the participants' detection of drop-offs (the dependent variables).
We found no significant difference in the participants' detection of drop-offs between the standard-length and the extended-length canes.
A preliminary study showed that cane users with earlier-onset visual impairment detected drop-offs better than those with later-onset visual impairment ; however, this was within the sample in which 10 of the 15 participants had later-onset impairment.
If cane users rely more on proprioceptive/ kinesthetic perception to detect drop-offs when using the two-point touch technique and rely more on vibrotactile perception to detect drop-offs when using the constant contact technique, differential deterioration of proprioceptive/kinesthetic and vibrotactile sensitivities may indicate possible interaction between a cane user's age and the type of cane technique used in drop-off detection.
This study used a mixed-measures design with block randomization, in which the participants used either the two-point touch technique or the constant contact technique to detect drop-offs of various depths.
The FHWA recommends that state and local jurisdictions consider using a safety edge on resurfacing projects to help eliminate edge drop-offs.
The report "Safety Impacts of Pavement Edge Drop-offs," and drop-off brochure are available on-line at www.
WASHINGTON -- Pavement edge drop-off related crashes are substantially more likely than other crashes on similar roadways to result in serious injuries, and are more than twice as likely to be fatal, according to a recent study sponsored by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.
A national UAE newspaper claimed that drivers who made more than one drop-off during a fare would be fined.
Al Ali said: "If four people decide to ride together in a cab on the same route, but will get off at four different points, the taxi driver is not permitted to stop the meter and restart the meter at every drop-off.
In particular, a few studies have shown that proprioceptive or kinesthetic and vibrotactile perceptual abilities, which appear to be involved in detecting drop-offs with the long cane, can be improved by practice (Diespecker, 1970; Fleischman & Rich, 1963; Graydon & Townsend, 1984; Sims & Morton, 1998).
In addition, some orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists have stated that it takes longer for many cane users to become competent in detecting drop-offs with the two-point touch technique than with the constant contact technique (R.
One of the primary purposes of the study presented here was to determine whether the constant contact technique's advantage over the two-point touch technique in detecting drop-offs (Kim et al.