In studies conducted at Princeton, the researchers found that the new dopant
increased the conductivity of these semiconductors about a million times.
These thinfilms have been fabricated using precursor solution prepared with dopant
Almost same trend as reported by other researchers when they used oxide dopant
like Al2O3, SiO2 and PbO [8, 9].
HRTEM images of polyaniline nanostructures obtained at different dopant
to monomer [[CSA]/[Ani]] molar ratio are shown in Fig.
After complete dissolution of the dopant
salts, Al flakes were added.
Calibration standard would be needed to get absolute values of the dopant
concentration; however, when compared with the manufacturing data (Fig.
Dipole moment of conformationally restricted chiral biphenyl dopant
1 containing methyl, carboxylate and nitro functional groups at positions2(2?
Dynamic range enhancing dopants
for photopolymeric media are described.
And unlike other dopants
that have been tried in the past, TFSA is stable - its effects are long lasting.
The contract includes the supply of hydrogen and nitrogen, silane, nitrogen trifluoride, dopant
mixtures and other products to Hunan Gongchuang's PV facility.
The contract also covers the supply of hydrogen and nitrogen and silane, nitrogen trifluoride, dopant
mixtures and other products.
Papers are then presented in sections on technologies for advanced electronics, dopant
activation and diffusion, shallow junction metrology, novel channel engineering, advanced gate stacks, and advances in novel silicides for lower contact resistance.
ooppm arsine sensor, to detect the dopant
gas in semiconductor manufacturing.
But voltages make dopant
atoms move within a transistor and, at nanometer scales, this movement changes the semiconductor's properties and degrades performance.
The chiral dopant
then controls the magnitude and direction of the ferroelectric polarization of the bulk liquid crystal.