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Note, however, that while Duanmu's formulation can predict the choice between monosyllable and disyllable when both alternatives are available, it stops short of disallowing metrically awkward structures when no disyllabic alternative is present.
in the first declension, a heavy disyllable can realize the partitive singular and serve as the stem for a genitive plural in -de, whereas in the second declension, a heavy disyllable can serve as the stem for a partitive singular in -t and a genitive plural in -te.
As elsewhere in the morphological system, the distinctive prosodic contrasts are foot-based (Lehiste 1965; 1997), rather than syllable-based (Hint 1997), reflecting the fact that Estonian often continues to treat 'overlong' Q3 syllables as the disyllables from which they are historically derived.
Disyllables dominate the early lexicon of children acquiring most of the other languages in which early word phonology has been extensively investigated, through either diary or observational studies (Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, Swedish, Welsh).
If a CVC[LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] disyllable, on the other hand, comes to be followed by a consonant, then, while it might retain its second one, its first syllable will still be light, won't it?
Thus the rime (as well as the rhyme) of crepe and shape is /-ep/, while in disyllables like paper and staple, the rime is also /-ep/, though the rhymes are different.
can be found in monosyllabic words like CUT and COME as well as disyllables like COUNTRY, UNDER and BROTHER.
While the long vowels and diphthongs triggering lengthening in disyllables and many of the trisyllabic cases are either etymologically long (as in the case of many diphthongs) or have arisen through intervocalic consonant loss, many cases of lengthening in trisyllables have been triggered by spontaneous lengthening of the second vowel, e.
The examples in (11) are intended to illustrate that long and short primary vowels contrast in KT in word-final position, both in disyllables (in 11a) and in monosyllables (in 11b).
The last line is exemplary in more than just its syllable count; lines 66-70 never go beyond a disyllabic word, nor do any of these disyllables start with an unstressed syllable.
in -es, -e are from the a-stems" (1959: 257), as well as the ending -as of the nominative and accusative plural of disyllables.
361, which supplies 'direct evidence that the ME lengthening of short vowels in disyllables had not yet taken place in his idiolect'.
Disyllables relax the rhythm because they inherently include an alternation of lexical stress and nonstress.
The words in Figure 3 contain no contrived examples, no questionable neologisms, no regionalisms and no disyllables trying to pass themselves off as monosyllables.
Instead, prosodically conditioned allomorphy is foot-based (Lehiste 1965; 1997), reflecting the fact that Estonian often continues to treat Q3 syllables as the disyllables from which they are historically derived.
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