nd]) due to distortional buckling is determined by:
For the distortional mode, the method defines a fictitious column supported in the elastic foundation the cross-section of which is the effective zone of the stiffener (area [A.
In Xie (1997), it is apparent that once these negative debt holdings are large enough to finance the remaining net present discounted value of government expenditures, then no distortional taxes need ever be set again.
In this article, we highlighted that environments in which ex ante government lending is limited are more apt to generate optimal distortional taxes at all dates that do not share the stark character of those typically presented in the literature.
First, current international tax rules are complicated and distortional
10) Most academics, by contrast, usually supported retaining and even increasing reserve requirements to tighten the link between reserves and money, while paying interest on reserves to eliminate the distortional effects of the reserve tax.
Specifically, if the Federal Reserve paid a market-based rate of interest on required reserve balances, the reserve tax would essentially be eliminated, as would the distortional effects of this tax on resource allocation.
elastic interactions between "domains" are treated phenomenologically, ignoring all local details of the director field.
The trade-off involves public capital that is productive but that must also be financed through distortional
Differing rates of capacity utilization, work shifts, technical progress and efficiency are factors that may have distortional
loss is related to electronic and ionic polarization mechanisms.
Competition between hydrodynamic torques that promote director tumbling and distortional
elastic effects (neglected in the Ericksen model) also leads to a proliferation of orientational defects resulting in a very heterogeneous director field often termed as polydomain state (2).
1]The Group considers its results in Lire to be a more accurate measure of its financial performance, due to the distortional
effect of currency translations.
strain energy density in the case of modified Von Mises and the maximum shear stress for modified Tresca, is linearly dependent on pressure.
The void-like feature of the ESO rubber phases was created by distortional
pullout of the rubbery particles under the impact loading.