Calling for an investigation of the incident, the CPP said the government should put to task the police officers behind the violent dispersal
, which saw a police vehicle running over the protesters.
One day before the anniversary, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) said that approximately 1,000 individuals were killed in the dispersals
, which is considered "a massacre that is the worse in the history of Egypt since its independence".
Ross & Jalkotzy (1992) reported that all dispersals
from their hunted population occurred between March and August, whereas Logan & Sweanor (2001) observed a later mode spanning July-October.
The original dispersal
order proved successful in cracking down on louts but that order expired on March 8.
Sex and age are potentially important sources of variation in dispersal
probability (Newton and Marquiss 1982, Part and Gustafsson 1989).
The violent dispersal
raised a flurry of criticisms from netizens against Mendoza for saying the local government was not remiss in providing rice subsidy to farmers.
The Rabaa Al-Adaweya dispersal
was condemned by human rights organisations, namely Human Rights Watch (HRW) which reported that approximately 1,000 people died during the dispersal
Reactions to the dispersals
of Rabaa Al-Adaweya and Al-Nahda squares saw violence spark across the country.
Exact figures on the number of protesters killed during the dispersals
are still disputed but hover near 1,000 deaths, according to two separate counts.
The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) said two people died Thursday in Giza 's Al-Mohandessin neighbourhood, as protesters mark one year since the deadly dispersal
of the Rabaa Al-Adaweya and Al-Nahda encampments.
The charges levelled against the defendants were in relation to violent clashes following the forcible dispersal
of two large protest camps supporting the former president.
International human rights watchdog Human Rights Watch had said in a report on 19 August, 2013 that the sit-in dispersals
were "the most serious incident of mass unlawful killings in modern Egyptian history.
On 14 August, the forcible dispersals
of pro-Morsi sit-ins in Rab and Al-Nahda squares left hundreds dead.
The report showed 24% of respondents were "not satisfied" with the way in which dispersals
were handled, leaving 9% "not sure.
ABSTRACT Abalone are planktonic larvae in their early life history stages, and their dispersal
predominantly takes place during these stages.