Another common application would be the setting of decision agendas and more importantly, interpretation of data, based on confirmation of pre-set planning without adequate consideration of disconfirming
Along with the use of reflexivity and disconfirming
evidence, an external audit and peer review were conducted (Creswell & Miller, 2009).
As a result, it must be noted as disconfirming
evidence, because it suggests that the caring at J&A, even after the transition to new leadership, did not universally or systematically resonate with theories of culturally responsive pedagogy.
The data from the literature review, online scan, interviews and framework reviews were triangulated for common findings to affirm interpretations and for disconfirming
evidence, on the other hand, were statements in direct contrast to category.
This principle is standardly defended by appealing to the fact that it enjoys empirical support from numerous confirming cases (and no disconfirming
cases) in physics.
From this perspective, Christianity and Judaism have disconfirming
Jones & Harris, 1967) have shown that people tend to project their personal experience, and even their beliefs onto other people until disconfirming
It reaffirms Hook's assertion that Marcuse's totalistic sensibility immunized itself from any disconfirming
This is useful for confirming or disconfirming
the argument under discussion.
This finding may be due to the notion that students are less likely to cooperate in a conflict when they perceive their instructor as behaving in a disconfirming
He argues that the only way to test your assumptions is by finding disconfirming
evidences against it.
Do leaders seek out different perspectives and potentially disconfirming
points of view?
Lack of sufficient, timely information can lead to flawed decision making based on past experience rather than facts, "emotional tagging" (clinging to the past by dismissing new data), and "cognitive dissonance" (after a tentative decision, embracing and confirming information, and disregarding disconfirming
information), according to Think Again: Good Leaders Make Bad Decisions and How to Keep It from Happening to You by Sidney Finkelstein, et al.
This conversational cooler is disconfirming
, and rarely acknowledges the contributions or value of what others say.