But she would have rejected the device in favor of "plain-song, discant
, melody on which discant
In passages of discant
, where the tenor rhythm is measured and offers a control for the interpretation of the rhythm of the duplum, the transcription employs modern time values.
Item because the portionaries with the churchmasters, housemasters and provosts of [the confraternity of j Our Lady and the chaplains ordered that in honour of the church one should hire three young boys to learn discant
and to sing the High Mass and the other Hours on various feast-days with the men who should be given together with the tenor every year one tabard each, therefore 16 ells of red linen were bought at 21 stuivers for each ell, of which the fourth part of the expense would be carried by the church paying 3'2 stuivers for the cost of making one tabard -- 21 s.
At the same time, it is quite problematic to describe the dupla of two of the discant
clausulas based on the tenor "[captivi-]TA-[tem]" on fol.
Konnte man den freien Diskantsatz auch 'kontrapunktischen' Satz nennen" becomes "one could also refer to free discant
counterpoint as 'contrapuntal composition.
It has to be known that any consonance, whether given in three, four, or more voices, is understood and counted from the bass to the discant
, which are the outer voices, because the middle parts, tenor and alto, are used only for the accompanying consonances and to fill the void between the outer parts.
This concept accords with contemporaneous theoretical descriptions of discant
and thus gives modern writers a tool with which to analyze tonal elements in medieval music.
This fallacy was already countered by Richard Crocker: 'As a further rebuttal, let me point out that the discant
treatise does not describe what the listener hears, any more than does the treatise on traditional harmony.
It is more likely, however, that he here takes the term to apply to the largely premodal discant
passages occurring as parts of organa dupla in one or more of the three extant versions of the magnus liber.
Regarding the thicker textures, he mentions that the clarino, or discant
instrument, and the quinta, or tenor instrument, often move in parallel octaves.
One of the lutes plays the discant
, the other the tenor (and perhaps the contratenor as well).
14) On the feast of Corpus Christi Willemsz watched the procession form up before it walked round St Mark's Square, much as in the procession on St Mark's Day shown in Bellini's famous painting of 1496 in the Accademia;(15) his descriptin makes a number of references to music, ranging from the general observation that the procession proceeded ~with beautiful, lovely and splendid music' to a more precise description of the scuole grandi, each of which ~remained kneeling before the holy sacrament, singing discant
or simple-sanck for a while .
Revised in the last years of the thirteenth century, the treatise constitutes the first attempt at a comprehensive approach to music, taking into account speculative and practical aspects, sacred and secular contexts, plainchant and mensural music, and the rules of psalmody and discant
Organum also denotes early vocal polyphonic style that featured a slower tenor voice accompanied by faster moving vocal lines It was certainly commonplace for singers to improvise around a line of chant, as Pope John XII's Docta sanctorum of 1323 attests: "Moreover, they [composers and singers] hinder the melody with hockets, they deprave it with discants
, and sometimes they pad out the music with upper parts made out of secular songs.
The instruments of the low part of the orchestra are divided into three subgroups, one playing transpositions of the formula, the other two playing homorhythmic discants