Similarly, more than 50% of the president's Democratic and independent disapprovers
who watched the speech changed to approval (Kernell 2007).
An analysis of the three broad categories of responses (inaction, partisan bickering, and disagreements with what Congress has done) by party affiliation shows that Democrats who disapprove of the job Congress is doing are much more likely than Republicans to cite inaction in their reasoning, even though inaction is easily the dominant reason supplied by disapprovers
of both parties.
Between Pew's March 2009 and August 2010 polls, Obama's approval rating dropped from 59% to 47%, and the proportion saying he is a Muslim rose from 11% to 18%, while the proportion of disapprovers
saying he is a Muslim held about steady (21% in the first survey, 23% in the second).
Not surprisingly, the answers given to these three questions are correlated: respondents who approved of Carter's performance on one issue were likely to approve of his performance on other dimensions as well, and similarly with disapprovers
McCain's problem, of course, was that there were so few approvers and so many disapprovers
in 2008 compared to 1988 and 2000.
Among pure independents, approvers are predicted to move to leaning toward the president's party by one equation, disapprovers
are predicted to move to leaning toward the opposition party by four equations, and the remaining three equations predict no change regardless of assessments of the president.